Decades before Moab became the adventure capital it is today, it was the center point for the Uranium mining boom that followed the Second World War. During the 1940s and 1950s, Uranium was discovered in the Moab area. The metal was in high demand by the U.S Government as the key ingredient for use in nuclear weapons technologies. One man's discovery would create a mining boom similar to. Coordinates The Moab Uranium Mill Tailings Pile is a uranium mill waste pond situated alongside the Colorado River, currently under the control of the U.S. Department of EnergyLocals refer to it as the Moab Tailings Pile.In 1952 U.S. geologist Charles Steen found the largest uranium deposit in the United States near Moab, Utah.The uranium was processed by the Uranium Reduction Company and the. A highly secret operation to mine and mill these tailings for the precious uranium oxide commenced. Not until 1947, after Howard Balsley of Moab, Utah, and Fendall A. Sitton from Dove Creek, Colorado, went to Washington to convince bureaucrats of the possibility of a full-scale uranium industry on the Colorado Plateau did the AEC finally send. The Rouge Uranium Mine is near Moab, Utah. Historically the site has been associated with the Interriver Mining District which is now part of the Canyonlands National Park. The Rouge Uranium Mine was closed at the time of data entry with no known plans to re-open
The Bridger Jack Mesa Uranium Mine is near Moab, Utah. Historically the site has been associated with the Kane Creek Mining District which is now part of the Manti-La Sal National Forest. The Bridger Jack Mesa Uranium Mine was closed at the time of data entry with no known plans to re-open. Production size when active was considered to be small. The hazards of Uranium mining were largely overlooked in the 1940's and 1950's and very little protections were put in place for employees of the mines. This neglect caused a staggering increase in lung cancer and other diseases and conditions related specifically to the inhalation of Radon gas and exposure to Moab radioactive materials Steen developed the Mi Vida Mine and built a uranium mill on the Colorado River. Now a millionaire, Steen became a generous donor and helped the Moab community. Elected to the State Senate, he was admired by his colleagues until he proposed legalizing the sale of alcohol by the glass and gambling, and lowering the legal age to purchase tobacco We moved to Moab in 1950 in hopes of dad finding work of any kind, my dad was a master carpenter, cowboy, oil rig builder etcDad met Charlie while working for Taylor Mining on a strip mine south of Moab where I bagged the yellow gold, loaded in a pickup and took naps on it while watching dad and another worker Moab Khotsong, which includes the mining and surface infrastructure of the adjacent Great Noligwa mine, is located near the towns of Orkney and Klerksdorp, about 180km south-west of Johannesburg. The mining lease area lies just south of the Vaal River, which forms a natural boundary between South Africa's North West and Free State provinces
Mi Vida uranium mine near Moab Uranium mining in Utah , a state of the United States , has a history going back more than 100 years. Uranium mining started as a byproduct of vanadium mining about 1900, became a byproduct of radium mining about 1910, then back to a byproduct of vanadium when the radium price fell in the 1920s Uranium mine near Moab, Utah Extremely radioactive black uraninite pitchblende may be found on the numerous abandoned mine dumps around Moab, Utah, which became the uranium capital of the United States after a discovery in the 1950s. This short video sweeps across the picturesque vistas seen from the Shinarump Mines about 7 miles north o The Moab (Utah) Uranium Mining Photograph Collection is the physical property of the Utah Historical Society, Salt Lake City, Utah. Literary rights, including copyright, may belong to the authors or their heirs and assigns. Please contact the Historical Society for information regarding specific use of this collection Mining History. The following excerpts were taken from an article by Elizabeth Pope which appeared in McCalls Magazine in December, 1956. It is a reflection of the times, the town, and its people during the 1950s boom. The red buttes and mesas around Moab produce 95% of the uranium ore. Uranium, in its purest state, is worth 35 times as much as. Moab, UT mines, mine companies, mine owners and mine information. US-Mining provides information on mines, operators, and minerals mined in Moab, U
Although the uranium era had ended, it was Steen's Mi Vida mine that made Moab a household name. After uranium, Charlie tried his hand in politics, and invested in Arabian horses, pickle factories and other ill-fated ventures, eventually declaring bankruptcy in 1968 when the Internal Revenue Service seized his remaining assets for back taxes In the West, uranium is an issue due to the push for development during World War II, up until the 1970s, when government subsidies for uranium mining ended, White said. Construction costs to close the mines near Moab totaled $45,000, excluding administrative costs to inventory the areas and then prepare bids for the work, White said . Rio Algom Mining Corporation began uranium mining and milling operations in May 1972. In October 1988 the mine was closed for economic reasons. Milling ceased in early 1989. Site reclamation also commenced in 1989
Using oil technology, Steen struck it rich with his Mi Vida mine claim just southeast of Moab in Lisbon Valley. Others followed Steen's lead, and Moab soon became the The Uranium Capital of the World. By the late 1950s, Utah's uranium boom was turning prospectors into millionaires virtually overnight Millions of tons of radioactive dirt sit beside the Colorado River, left over from a uranium mining operation in Moab, Utah. Investegative reporter George Knapp looks into the possible threat to the water supply. Aired on Oct. 27, 1999, on KLAS TV in Las Vegas. Part 1 of a 2 Part series The [uranium] tailings made Moab [Utah] glow â€” and not in a good way. For nearly 30 years, the various companies that operated the facility dumped ton after ton of the radioactive sandy byproduct into an unlined impoundment area located 750 feet from the river. Over the decades, this Geiger-hot waste, which ultimately totaled 12 million cubic.
Mine Types. Uranium Mines in Blanding, Utah. Uranium Mines in East Carbon, Utah. Uranium Mines in Green River, Utah. Uranium Mines in La Sal, Utah. Uranium Mines in Monticello, Utah. Uranium Mines in Sunnyside, Utah. Browse Gold Mines in Moab, UT. Browse Silver Mines in Moab, UT Moab uranium tailings relocation reaches million-short ton milestone The U.S. Energy Department said this week that more than 1 million (short) tons of uranium mill tailings have been moved from the banks of the Colorado River near Moab to a disposal cell 30 miles away at Crescent Junction, north of Interstate 70 Locals around Moab told Zoellner these were the remnants of former uranium mines that were most active at the height of the Cold War, which prompted a wave of prospecting frenzy for the silvery. Extremely radioactive black uraninite pitchblende may be found on the numerous abandoned mine dumps around Moab, Utah, which became the uranium capital of. A frenzied uranium boom swept up southern Utah in the 1950s. The boom had a long term impact on the health of countless miners. On July 6, 1952, a down-on-his-luck uranium prospector named Charlie Steen made a major strike near Moab, Utah
. Stuart Johnson, Deseret News MOAB â€” This month marks the 10th anniversary of the first rail shipment of radioactive tailings from the Pile near the banks of the Colorado River, with an estimated 9.5 million tons buried 30 miles away MOAB, Utah â€” Before Moab was a Mecca for outdoor recreation in Utah, it was the hub of cold war uranium mining; and in the rush to process the ore for nuclear weapons, officials made a terrible.
AKA Atlas Minerals Plant, Atlas Uranium Mill, Moab, UT Jobsite The mining of uranium in Utah began in the 1870s. In the late 1950s, Charles Augustus Steen founded the nation's first, independent uranium mill called the Uranium Reduction Company. Renamed as the Atlas Uranium Mill in the 1960s, the mill eventually closed in 1984. Address.. With its end came the demise of the Utah uranium industry as well. Soon all the mines were closed and the equipment was removed or abandoned. Approximately 25 miles west of Moab, Utah, on the Green River lies Mineral Canyon, site of a small uranium mine opened by the Excalibur Mining Co. in the very early 50s MOAB, Utah - This year, EM's Moab Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project expects to reach a milestone of 10 million tons of residual radioactive material safely relocated.. Ten years ago, the Moab UMTRA Project began relocating mill tailings out of Moab, Utah, and away from the Colorado River, to the newly-created Crescent Junction, Utah disposal cell about 30 miles north
Remediation of the Moab Uranium Mill Tailings, Grand and San Juan Counties, Utah Final Environmental Impact Statement E-3 E2.1 Cavern Construction Both solution mining and conventional mining techniques have been used to create disposal caverns in nonradioactive environments. Conventional underground mining to develop disposa Pat Mulroy, head of the Southern Nevada Water Authority was quoted as saying measurable quantities of uranium are showing up in Colorado River water, something difficult and expensive to remove before passing it on to consumers in Las Vegas. She blames upstream uranium mining, especially in the Moab, Utah area, so I decided to take a look and. The Moab Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action site - better known to locals simply as the Moab Pile - is a leftover from the town's Cold War uranium days, when the Moab was dubbed the 'uranium capital of the world.
The U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) has safely moved another million tons of uranium mill tailings from the Moab, Utah site under the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project. This. Intrepid Potash Mine Satellite Photo: This was the impetus for this 2 day adventure! I drove from downtown Moab, along the Colorado River, then into the mountains, towards the spot on the map where the pools were located, but the sun was setting quickly, and I had no plan for where to sleep that night Moab was a sleepy town in the early 1950s when an unlikely discovery changed everything. Charlie Steen was a geologist and prospector who had heard that uranium was a byproduct of the vanadium mines scattered around the American southwest A Utah community celebrates the removal of 10 million tons of toxic uranium tailings from the banks of the Colorado River. In a park, nestled in a red rock canyon outside Moab, Utah â€” a short. Subjects: early mining jobs, Moab and uranium mining, Temple Mountain, Hideout mine, future of uranium (22 pages). 1970: 9: 8: Andrew Riddle. John McFarlane interviewed Andrew Riddle in Grand Junction, Colorado. Subjects: Paradox Valley, the Yellow Bird and Cashin mines, the Depression and debt, burros, wild horses, radium and vanadium.
The second new product is UGS Open-File Report 695, which has all 185 one-page mining district summaries along with introductory information and an overview of the importance of Utah's metal production. A 1:1,000,000-scale map of Utah displays all the mining districts and represents the first update to the Utah mining district map since 1983 Rell Frederick, now 68, lost a lung to cancer working in the uranium mines in Marysvale in the 1950s. Most of his co-workers are dead from emphysema and various forms of cancer, mostly lung cancer. After a long shift in the mines, some miners would playfully blow across a device that measured radiation
The United States' first commercially operated uranium mill was built on the bank of the Colorado River near Moab, Utah in 1956 and expanded by the Atlas Minerals Corporation beginning in 1961. This facility extracted yellowcake uranium for nuclear bombs and reactors from ores trucked from over 300 mines on the Colorado Plateau Brendel is the site at which contaminated uranium mine tailings gathered on the branch line at Moab are deposited. In stretching the 35.8 miles from Brendel to Potash, the Cane Creek Subdivision begins at an elevation of 4,908 feet at Brendel and descends to 3,952 feet at Potash GRAND JUNCTION, Colo.. - More than 40 people from around the world met recently for the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) meeting to share lessons learned and address environmental aspects of uranium mining and remediation projects. EM's Moab Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project hosted the meeting and provided a tour of EM's project sites in Moab, Utah to the.
Steve Guttman and John Donnely spoke with Cecil Thompson (b. 1899), a native of Moab and member of the Utah State Land Board. Subjects: trucking business, uranium boom, water supply, miners, alcoholism, grubstaking, uranium stocks, Frontier Airlines, tourism, dams, state lands, potash plants, uranium mines, politics, El Paso Gas line (46 pages) Moab uranium tailings. Atlas Corporation operated a uranium mine in the area of Moab, Utah, just under three miles from downtown Moab. As a byproduct of mining activities, a ten-million-ton pile of radioactive tailings exists. The pile is located about 700-800 feet from the Colorado River At decades-old uranium mines near Moab, artifacts include mining debris and even entire bulldozers, such as this Allis Chalmers rusting away along the river near the Hey Joe Mine Final Environmental Statement Related to the Minerals Exploration Company, Sweetwater Uranium Project (Sweetwater County, Wyoming) Author: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Publisher Miners having a blast in Utah uranium rush. MOAB, Utah (R) - Utah mining prospector Kyle Kimmerle has more than a hunch that uranium will make him rich. It is a conviction so strong he has.
WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Labor's Office of Workers' Compensation Programs (OWCP) will host outreach events in June 2018 in Grand Junction, Colorado, and in Moab, Utah, for former and current workers in the uranium mining and nuclear weapons industries. If a uranium mining or nuclear weapons worker is deceased, his or her. Wismut was a uranium mining company active in Saxony during the cold war. It produced a total of 230,400 tons of uranium between 1947 and 1990 and made East Germany the fourth largest producer of uranium ore in the world at the time. Uraninite from Schlema, Germany. 240,000 CPM and 80 mR/hr Uranium Miners were exposed to radon gas, a radioactive material thought to cause lung cancer. Uranium Miners were exposed to mining dust, thought to cause lung disease. NIOSH made the study to find if uranium miners have an increased risk for lung cancer and other lung disease when compared to the U.S. general public Taylor, Samual--Interviews; Newspaper editors--Utah--Interviews; Uranium mines and mining--Utah; Moab (Utah) Description: Transcript (32 pages) of an interview by Steve Guttman with Samual Taylor, on July 23, 1970. From tape number 26 in the Uranium History Series: Abstract: Samuel Taylor, of the Moab Times-Independent, spoke with Steven Guttman
In 1960, Page P. Blakemore, manager of the Cameron Mining Co., acquired mining rights to the property, shipping 993.73 tons of ore averaging 0.18% uranium oxide. The last uranium production around. The Seven Mile Rim trail leaves Highway 191 just north of Highway 313, about 11 miles north of town. It passes the old Cotter uranium mine and switches back to reach the cliff rim above the mine and Highway 191. The intense mining activity left a maze of core-drilling roads on the mesa top, and the trail seeks the most interesting of these A uranium mill tailings pile near Moab, Utah. The US Department of Labor is holding town hall meetings in Moab this week to help uranium workers who may be eligible for compensation and medical benefits. Utahns who became ill as a result of working in the uranium mining industries between 1942 and 1971 may be eligible for as much as 150,000. The Hey Joe - Spring Canyon Loop is one of those crazy Moab rides that takes you up and down places that seem totally impossible. This is a ride suitable to philosophical reflection. You ride across a huge mesa top, down a beautiful sandstone canyon, along the Green River to another canyon where an eerie abandoned uranium mining operation.
Atlas Mineral Corporation's Moab uranium mill was opened in the mid 1950s to process uranium-bearing ores from nearby mines. The Moab mill, when it was completed, was one of at least 10 other uranium mills built in the area of eastern Utah and western Colorado, all to process uranium oxide needed for the production of nuclear bombs Geologists, prospectors, and mining engineers poured into Utah. Moab became their headquarters, and the town's population quintupled. Salt Lake City became the financial center for the boom, with issuance of penny uranium stocks and widespread speculation. Then in 1956, the AEC announced that its stocks of uranium were plentiful Those are the potash mine evaporation ponds. The uranium tailings are just to the west of hiway 191 just north of Moab. They are north of the Colorado River. One drives by them as he/she drives west to the potash mine. I've been to Moab a number of times so I know where these sites are located . The mining boom brought new business to Moab and tripled the population. By 1920, the southeastern Utah area had produced more than 2.4 million dollars in uranium Uranium Arch is located in the Mill Canyon multi-use area north of Moab, Utah. The arch is a very popular destination for all types of OHV enthusiasts as well as the occasional horseback rider or mountain biker. Other than an overall elevation gain of more than 500 feet the route to Uranium Arch is even an easier hike than its round trip.
Uranium mill tailings from the former Atlas mining site sits in a restricted area 3 miles outside the town of Moab, Utah Uranium mining often carries with it environmental and human health impacts that stretch well beyond the life of a company; we are still dealing with over 15,000 abandoned uranium mines in the. The geology of the Shinarump No. 1 uranium mine, mine, which is in the lowermost zone, is located on the located about 12 miles northwest of Moab, Utah, in the west flank of the Moab anticline near the Moab fault. Seven Mile Canyon area, Grand County, Utah, was studied to determine the habits, ore controls, and The Shinarump No. 1 uranium.
New Utah Geological Survey Products. T he Utah Geological Survey (UGS) has produced two new up-to-date, web-available products on the mining districts of Utah. The first is an interactive web page that allows you to explore Utah's 185 mining districts and learn about the metallic resources of each district, what metals were produced, when the district produced, and the estimated total. The Moab or Kane Creek potash mine next to the Colorado River SentinelHub/Fickr/CC BY 2.0 For decades, potash mining in the Colorado River was done the old way â€” large groups of men would march into deep tunnels by the river's banks, shovels in hand, to search for the mineral, which is a key ingredient in some fertilizers
The Moab Khotsong and Kopanang mines share the Great Noligwa gold plant, whose design capacity exceeds the maxi- mum planned production from the two mines. Gold and uranium are recovered through. The Moab Museum is a cultural and natural history museum interpreting the stories of the Moab area through exhibits and programs. From histories of the first inhabitants of the Moab Valley to geology to uranium mining, the Museum's exhibits span many facets of Moab's past, present, and future The Colorado Plateau has a long history of uranium mining. That history is especially apparent within the Navajo Nation, which has hundreds of abandoned uranium mines. Tailings and raw material from these mines can still be found in the open air within the Navajo Nation. Tribal communities have unique exposure pathways to uranium and other heavy metals. Here, we speak with Dr. Tommy Rock about. From 1943 until 1945, Grand Junction, Colorado was the center of the Manhattan Project's secret effort to mine and refine uranium ore from surrounding mills in the Colorado Plateau. By 1946, over 2,600,000 pounds of uranium oxide had been produced from Colorado Plateau material, representing 14 percent of the total uranium acquired by the Army Corps of Engineers' Manhatta Those who journeyed to Moab during the uranium mining boom that swept Utah in the 1950s and 1960s changed the tiny town forever. When the Atomic Energy Commission wanted uranium in the late 1940s, its guarantee to purchase whatever could be found set off a major mineral rush on the Colorado Plateau
Moab Mine Clean Up. In 2009, the federally funded Moab Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) project began cleaning up waste tailings from the mills of the Uranium Reduction Company that operated from 1956 until 1962, when it was sold to the Atlas Minerals Corporation. Atlas continued processing uranium ore until 1984 The geology of the Shinarump No. 1 uranium mine, located about 12 miles northwest of Moab, Utah, in the Seven Mile Canyon area, Grand County, Utah, was studied to determine the habits, ore controls, and possible origin of the deposit. Rocks of Permian, Triassic, and Jurassic age crop out in the area mapped, and uranium deposits are found in three zones in the lower 25 feet of the Chinle. Tecton Acquires Past Uranium Producing Mine in Moab, Utah. Share Article. Tecton Corporation (OTCBB: TEON) is a US-based exploration company with one exploration property in Canada and one exploration project in Utah, USA. LAS VEGAS (PRWEB) March 6, 2008 Canvas-covered haul trucks transport uranium from regional mines to the mill, traveling through Colorado Plateau communities along the way. In the past, radioactive shipments from across the nation have arrived in Utah via railroad, where they've been offloaded and trucked to the mill on Highway 191 through Moab, Monticello, and Blanding Thanks to a citizen watchdog group, the owner of uranium mines on the south flanks of the La Sal Mountains, near Moab, will have to provide more data on potential environmental impacts. The Beaver Shaft, Pandora, Snowball and La Sal are all mines that opened in the 1970s to provide uranium to the Moab mill
This trail south of Moab follows old Uranium mining roads, most of which have deteriorated to the point that they're fun for four-wheelers. There are areas that have been chained for grazing. MOAB, Utah, June 26 (R) Utah mining prospector Kyle Kimmerle has more than a hunch that uranium will make him rich. It is a conviction so strong he has bet his house on it . Moab residents viewed tourism as a viable solution to the town's economic woes. With the completion of I-70 in the 1970s, tourists could easily travel to Moab from urban centers around the country In the early 1950s a uranium-mining boom transformed the quiet town into a bustling industrial centre. The uranium boom and subsequent production of locally discovered oil and potash faded in the 1960s, after which Moab successfully transformed itself into a tourist centre for the scenic region surrounding the city
One of the Department of Energy's biggest priorities is a billion-dollar uranium mine cleanup that is under way in Moab, Utah, and that received $108 million in federal stimulus money and the. Although some mining was done along the Colorado River and in the La Sal Mountains, Moab's economy was based on farming, ranching, and fruit growing until the uranium boom of the early 1950s brought in scores of prospectors, miners, workers, and speculators, increasing the population of Moab from 1,275 in 1950 to 4,682 in 1960 Backgrounder on Uranium Mill Tailings. Milling is the first step in making natural uranium ore into fuel for nuclear reactors. Uranium mills use chemicals to extract uranium and make yellowcake, a powder that can be processed into fuel. They produce mill tailings, a sandy waste containing heavy metals and radium, which is radioactive The Moab Khotsong mine is a large mine located in the northern part of South Africa in North West some 180 kilometers southwest of Johannesburg, South Africa. Moab Khotsong represents one of the largest uranium reserves in South Africa having estimated reserves of 57.2 million tonnes of ore grading 0.058% uranium.   Moab Khotsong claims to be home to the world's deepest mine shaft at. MOAB, Utah â€” Before Moab was a Mecca for outdoor recreation in Utah, it was the hub of cold war uranium mining; and in the rush to process the ore for nuclear weapons, officials made a terrible decision we're still paying for
Local newspapers of the Colorado Plateau encouraged and spread uranium fever with their coverage of the phenomenon. The Grand Valley Times, of Moab, Utah, dubbed the city, The Uranium Capital of the World.The paper egged on the Uranium Rush with romantic articles such as: Uranium Mining is Here to Stay, Uranium Rivals Gold, No Rodeo: All the Cowboys went Uranium Mining. Unlike Moab, the small village of Grants, New Mexico, had neither a history of uranium mining nor a part in making atomic bombs. But after two major discoveries, it became the center of the largest uranium rush of the 1950s and home to five yellowcake-processing mills
Potash Road forks south off US 191 a short distance from the Colorado River, 4 miles northwest of the center of Moab. At the junction is a large tailings pile from a former uranium ore processing plant, now gradually being removed and shipped to a disposal site near Crescent Junction. For 3 miles the road runs along the base of the 1,000 foot. The use of radioactive material, specifically uranium, for the source of nuclear weapons and power spurred the movement toward exploration and mining of uranium ore in the United States. The uranium mill tailings, the waste by-product created during uranium extraction from the ore, posed concern because of the radioactive nature of the tailings.
Removal Of Uranium Mine Tailings is a photograph by David Parker/science Photo Library which was uploaded on September 24th, 2019. The photograph may be purchased as wall art, home decor, apparel, phone cases, greeting cards, and more. All products are produced on-demand and shipped worldwide within 2 - 3 business days To reach the region from Moab, one must travel more than 28 miles of highway to enter from the Dewey Bridge area on Utah 128. The southern highlands are forested with pinyon and juniper and are cut by canyons. The nearby Poison Strip and Yellowcat areas are the locales of many old vanadium and uranium mines. More info can be found here Uranium mining in the United States produced 173875 lb of U3O8 in 2019, 88% lower than the 2018 production of 1447945 lb of U3O8 and the lowest US annual production since 1948. The 2019 production represents 0.3% of the anticipated uranium fuel requirements of the US's nuclear power reactors for the year. Wikipedi The uranium capital of the world. The Colorado river is not only threatened by climate change and over-use of the river water. A major threat comes from an enormous radioactive mining-waste pit. This waste, or 'tailings' site is located on the bank of the Colorado River, in Moab, Utah, a small town that turned into the uranium capital of.
Moab Khotsong (particularly Middle mine) requires a reduced drill spacing pattern on the order of 50 X 50 m which allows for accurate delineation of the structurally bound mineable blocks, whereby accurate and efficient mine designs can be implemented insuring optimal extraction and maximum orebody utilisation The Bureau of Land Management has issued final approvals for two uranium mine expansions in southeast Utah, including one on the backdoor of what used to be Bears Ears National Monument. Bullseye. TY - BOOK. T1 - Yellowcake towns. T2 - Uranium mining communities in the American West. AU - Amundson, Michael. PY - 2004/12/1. Y1 - 2004/12/1. N2 - [Yellowcake Towns] provides us with not only an in-depth picture of the fluctuations of the demands for uranium over the previous half century but also a personal look at the health and economic implications on people and communities who.
Uranium mine tailings clean-up near moab - download this royalty free Stock Photo in seconds. No membership needed WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Labor's Office of Workers' Compensation Programs (OWCP) will host outreach events in June 2018 in Grand Junction, Colorado, and in Moab, Utah, for former and current workers in the uranium mining and nuclear weapons industries. If a uranium mining or nuclear weapons worker is deceased, his or her surviving family members are invited to participate