Occlusal radiographs are used to locate or define all of the following except

ch 22. review Flashcards Quizle

HLTDEN002 Assessment 1 - Quiz

  1. Occlusal radiographs are used to. Which of the following relates to poor definition on a radiograph. Rules of radiation protection for the operator include all of the following except. Decrease in contrast. An increase in the KVP setting will result in a. Extension arm
  2. a dura in the anterior region describes. Case type 2 Slight chronic periodontitis. List five conditions that would indicate the need for xrays on a child
  3. All of he following are associated with the acute radiation syndrome except: A. Diagnostics x-Rays used in medicine/dentistry B. Prodromal period, latent period and manifest illness C. Whole body radiation exposure of 100 rad or greater D. Most likely outcome is death of exposed individual E. Syndromes involving the blood, GI and nervous system
  4. If surface landmarks are not used for radiographic positioning or if they are used incorrectly, the chance of having to repeat the radiograph greatly increases. Many commonly used landmarks are listed in Table 3-1 and diagrammed in Fig. 3-8. These landmarks are accepted averages for most patients and should be used only as guidelines
  5. Class II caries. Class III caries. Class IV caries. Class V caries. Enamel sealants are generally applied on deep pits and fissures of the occlusal surfaces of posterior teeth. Those areas correspond to the area of Class I carious lesions according to G.V. Black classification (the correct answer choice is 1). 2
  6. OCCLUSAL RADIOGRAPHS Occlusal radiographs are used in patients whoare unable to open their mouth wide enough forperiapical radiographs.Uses1. To locate impacted or unerupted teeth2. To locate supernumerary teeth3. To locate foreign bodies in the jaw4. To diagnose the presence and extend of fractures 72

Chapter 22 Production and Evaluation of Dental Radiographs

  1. ator or viewbox 2. The sharpness of an image is deter
  2. X-rays are regulated on a federal, state, and local level. True or False All of the following are intraoral films used except. Panorex, Periapical, Bitewings, Occlusal Panorex Periapical radiographs are mainly used to view, what? Apices of the teeth and surrounding structures Occlusal x-rays are used to view, what
  3. The occlusal film below shows that the impacted canine is lingually positioned. 5. Tube-Shift Localization (Clark) SLOB Rule Same Lingual Opposite Buccal The SLOB rule is used to identify the buccal or lingual location of objects (impacted teeth, root canals, etc.) in relation to a reference object (usually a tooth)
  4. which occlusal projection is used to locate foreign bodies or salivary stones in the region of the floor of the mouth? a use for a dental radiograph includes all of the following except: Definition. justification for a bleaching procedure: the dental radiographers end goal when taking dental x-rays should be: Definition

Dental-related services—Covered—Orthodontic services. (1) The agency covers orthodontic services, subject to the coverage limitations listed, for clients twenty years of age and younger, according to chapter 182-535A WAC. (2) The agency does not cover orthodontic services for clients twenty-one years of age and older Occlusal radiograph  The occlusal technique is used to examine large areas of the upper or lower jaw.  In the occlusal technique, size-4 intraoral film is used

One occlusal radiograph to determine the level of the root fracture at the apical and middle third. Two periapical radiographs with varying horizontal angles are needed to locate the fractures in the cervical third of the root. For a root fracture in the middle third, CBCT may rule out or confirm an oblique course of fracture involving the cervica Cephalometric analysis 1. Cephalometric Analysis Dr Abbas Naseem B.D.S 2. Goal Of Cephalometric Analysis To evaluate the relationships, both horizontally & vertically, of the five major components of face: 1. the cranium & cranial base 2. the skeletal maxillae 3. the skeletal mandible 4. the maxillary dentition and alveolar process 5. the mandibular dentition and alveolar process i.e to. Which one of the following is used to restrict the size of the x-ray beam? Definition. collimation: Which occlusal projection is used to locate foreign bodies or salivary stones in the region of the floor of the mouth? Each of the following is an indication for exposing occlusal radiographs EXCEPT one. Which one is the EXCEPTION. 5. Occlusal radiographs are used to locate retained roots, supernumerary teeth, salivary stones, and fractures All the aforementioned events result from excessive occlusal load within a dental plaque-free environment. For this reason, this set of changes is known as primary occlusal trauma. On free surfaces, such as the buccal one, depending on cortical plate or buccal bone plate thickness ( Figs 1 , 5 , 7 , 8 ), vertical bone loss results in local.

One hundred occlusal radiographs were taken (Spectro 70X; Dabi Atlante®, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil) following the technique developed by Saliba 4 in order to obtain centralized and standardized radiographic images of anterior teeth up to the second maxillary and mandibular molar. All occlusal radiographs of the maxillary arch were obtained. an image receptor that is found in the intraoral digital sensor. Definition. charged-coupled device (CCD) Term. a form of indirect digital imaging in which the image is recorded on a phosphor coated plate and then placed into an electronic processor, and laser scanned to produce an image on a computer. Definition * IMPORTANT NOTICE TO ALL INDIVIDUALS TAKING X-RAYS: Please note that effective March 12, 2007, Education Law requires any dentist or dental hygienist performing dental x-rays must not only shield the torso but must also shield the thyroid area of the patient unless in the dentist's professional judgment the use of a thyroid collar would be.

Among those chosen, subjects who already had their own radiograph were not exposed twice; rather the existing radiograph was used. Inclusion criteria were the following: Both parents from the same ethnic group, class-I occlusion with an arch length discrepancy less than 2 mm, overbite and overjet from 2 to 4 mm, all teeth present except third. a. reduced probing depth. b. reduced tissue swelling. c. formation of new alveolar bone. d. formation of long JE. Definition. formation of new alveolar bone would not happen in successful perio debridement. Term. Phase I of perio therapy, or the etiological phase includes all procedure except 1. a. biofilm control Occlusal X-rays . Occlusal x-rays help track the development and placement of a section or entire arch of teeth in the upper or lower jaw. They're mostly used by pediatric dentists to find children's teeth that have not yet broken through the gums. How occlusal x-rays are taken: The process is very similar to a bitewing x-ray (see above) (g) Any diagnostic aid used including, but not limited to, images, radiographs, and test results. Retention of molds or study models is at the discretion of the practitioner, except for molds or study models for orthodontia or full mouth reconstruction which shall be retained as listed in WAC 246-817-310

The amount of gingival-to-occlusal divergence for an unusually short vertical wall for an inlay/onlay tooth preparation is A. maximum of 5 degrees B. minimum of 5 degrees C. maximum of 2 degrees D. minimum of 2 degrees. 46. The following are the advantages of cast metal inlay/onlays All are under analytical epidemiology except A. Cohort. Type of X-rays to see Fractures: Pano: best for mandible fracture. Reverse towne: for condyle fracture. SMV: zygomatic fracture. Water's: for maxillary sinus. CT: facial best of all*** Sympisis: AP/ occlusal (symphysis closes at 6-9 months) primary consequence of trauma to jaw in kids: retards growth and asymmetry (key signs are occlusal. 1. The facial-lingual width is to be 1mm (measured by the smallest amalgam condenser) 2. Extend slightly further into occlusal primary grooves (slightly up the major grooves). 3. Maintain the marginal/ oblique ridge integrity following the contour of that ridge Objectives Of Access Cavity Preparation (1) To remove all caries, (2) To conserve sound tooth structure, (3) To completely unroof the pulp chamber, (4) To remove all coronal pulp tissue (vital or necrotic), (5) To locate all root canal orifices, (6) To achieve straight- or direct-line access to the apical foramen or to the initial curvature of. Access opening Radiograph is used to determine the shape and size as well as the extension of the pulp chamber mesially, distally and coronally. The enamel is penetrated with No 4 round carbide bur in a high speed contra angle by positioning the instrument in the central fossa and angling it toward palatal root. After penetration of the enamel.

Currently, Medicare will pay for dental services that are an integral part either of a covered procedure (e.g., reconstruction of the jaw following accidental injury), or for extractions done in preparation for radiation treatment for neoplastic diseases involving the jaw. Medicare will also make payment for oral examinations, but not treatment, preceding kidney transplantation or heart valve. In dental radiography, it is unusual for an x-ray beam to be pointed at the abdomen (only for vertex occlusal radiographs, which are rarely indicated) and, in those cases where radiography is essential, abdominal lead protection should be used when a foetus lies in the primary beam. 22 For all other dental radiographic views, including. The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the articulation of the mandibular condyle with the glenoid fossa of the temporal bone. Normal movement of the mandible depends on proper function of the TMJ. Externally, the preauricular area lies directly over the joint Taking X-rays is putting a film in the patient's mouth — with or without a holding device and a ring for positioning the head of the X-ray and the face of the tube — and then pressing a button. There are some very simple basic rules that, if followed, will increase your success for recording diagnostic quality X-rays

Radiography is an imaging technique using X-rays, gamma rays, or similar ionizing radiation and non-ionizing radiation to view the internal form of an object.Applications of radiography include medical radiography (diagnostic and therapeutic) and industrial radiography.Similar techniques are used in airport security (where body scanners generally use backscatter X-ray) The most common form of therapy, carried out by dentists, is the use of a variety of intraoral appliances, mainly worn at night. 27 There may be some efficacy for the hard full coverage stabilization splints whereas others, which do not take into account occlusion, are prone to cause significant adverse events if misused (e.g. movement of teeth. NEBRASKA Indirect supervision, approved Dental Assistants Take x -rays, coronal polishing, monitor nitrous oxide, place amalgam program & 1-year experience as a DA. Dental Assistant STATE TITLE EXPANDED FUNCTIONS(S) QUALIFICATIONS DANB JOB TITLES* NEVADA Dental Assistant Take x -rays, coronal polishing, apply sealants, ortho-related task On a panoramic radiograph of this patient, the dentist will expect to see each of the following features EXCEPT one. Which one is this EXCEPTION? A. Primary maxillary lateral incisors with partially resorbed roots. B. Partially erupted maxillary central incisors with incomplete root closure at the apex


oculomotor [ok″u-lo-mo´tor] pertaining to or affecting eye movements. oculomotor nerve the third cranial nerve; it is mixed, that is, it contains both sensory and motor fibers. Various branches of the oculomotor nerve provide for muscle sense and movement in most of the muscles of the eye, for constriction of the pupil, and for accommodation of the. The use of occlusal splints to improve TMD signs and symptoms is controversial.4 Objective of this study was to compare the soft and hard occlusal splints for the treatment of TMPDs, to find out the best occlusal splint option for the benefit of TMDs patients f. Define x-ray beam quantity and quality and identify their controlling factors. g. Discuss the properties of x-rays. h. Define radiographic density, radiographic contrast, definition, and distortion and identify each of their influencing factors. i. Define, state purpose, and locate on an x-ray unit the following: kilovoltage (kVp

A conventional x-ray technique, such as periapical, occlusal, and panoramic radiography, is a simple, low-cost, and still frequently used method, but the information provided might be insufficient. Geometric distortion occurs in about 25% of studies, since the plane parallel to the beam superimposes structures Occlusal carving is done with a pull stroke, however, the push stroke can also be suitable in developing occlusal anatomy. Form the distal and mesial pits first, followed by the buccal and lingual grooves. Once occlusal anatomy is complete, use a moist cotton pellet to smooth the occlusal surface of the amalagam Etiology (causes) Upper canines normally erupt toward the dental age of 11 years old, but it is indicated to investigate their position and eruption path by with radiographs one to two years earlier. Incidence: there is a clear family trend (heredity); if a family member has an impacted canine, 40 % of the members of his/her family had some as well (Todd, 2008)

Measurements made on the panoramic radiograph according to the method first described by Ericson and Kurol 15: a-angle, angle formed by the long axis of the canine and the midline; d-distance, distance in mm from the canine cusp tip to the occlusal plane (OP); and sector, mesiodistal crown position in sector 1-5 Occlusal guards except if prescribed to control of habitual grinding, including those specifically used as safety items or to affect performance primarily in sports-related activities. Charges for failure to keep a scheduled appointment without giving the dental office 24 hours notice Using a rounded-end cylindrical point, prepare longitudinal grooves on both free surfaces buccal & lingual following the inclination planes of the middle and occlusal thirds. The point is used parallel to the long axis of the tooth and deepened throughout half of its thickness in the middle third, while on the occlusal third the entire.

GCSDA Final Exam Flashcards Quizle

Residual ridge is a term used to describe the shape of the clinical alveolar ridge after healing of bone and soft tissues after tooth extractions. In the present article, a review on Residual ridge resorption is being presented and analyzed Central giant cell granuloma in a 14-year-old girl with progressive swelling over the anterior mandible. Cross-sectional occlusal radiograph shows an expansile, corticated, lucent lesion in the anterior mandible with undulating margins and wispy internal septa. Displacement of teeth is present, and the lesion crosses the midline charting and use indices to screen a nd monitor periodontal •disease •diagnose and htreatment plan within their com petence •pre scribe radiographs •take, process and inter pret various film views used in general den tal practice •plan the delivery of care for patients •give approp riate patient advic

RAD practice test #1 Flashcards Quizle

  1. Nightguard - Also referred to as occlusal guard. This is a dental appliance often used to treat TMJ or the clenching or grinding of teeth and is covered. Nursing home - The cost of medical care in a nursing home or home for the aged for an employee, or for an employee's spouse or dependent, is reimbursable
  2. g clinical procedures
  3. Neuromuscular dentistry is dedicated to realigning the jaw to relieve temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and fix malocclusion, commonly known as a bad bite. If you are diagnosed with TMJ disorder, the condition may be very painful. If your bite is misaligned, you might be doing irreversible damage to your jaw and teeth
  4. Intrusive luxation has been defined as dislocation of a tooth in an axial direction into the alveolar bone. This dislocation is considered complete when the tooth is enveloped by surrounding tissues or partial when the incisal border of the crown is visible ( Andreasen, 1984 ). 2.2. Epidemiology. 2.2.1
  5. Digital X-Rays and Radiation exposure. 2008-05-01 13:56:57 Great questions because I know there is a lot of buzz about digital x-rays (radiographs) and laser caries detection. First off lets discuss x-ray films, dental x-ray films come in 3 speeds, D, E, and F speed
  6. Fatigue performance of prosthetic screws used in dental implant restorations: Rolled versus cut threads. Mikel Armentia, Mikel Abasolo, Ibai Coria, Joseba Albizuri, Josu Aguirrebeitia Is the therapeutic effect of occlusal stabilization appliances more than just placebo effect in the management of painful temporomandibular disorders.

Radiology Lecture Final Flashcards Quizle

A toothache is pain on or around a tooth. It may have a variety of causes, including a cavity, abscess, or even sinusitis. Toothache symptoms include pain, headache, earache, bad taste in the mouth, and gum swelling. Dental X-rays and other tests performed by a dentist are used to diagnose the cause of a toothache • Pronounce, define, and spell the Key Terms. • List and describe the examination and diagnostic techniques used for patient assessment. • Discuss the role of the dental assistant in the clinical examination. • List the six categories of Black's classification of cavities. • Differentiate between an anatomic and a geometric diagram for charting

Dental Radiology ~anuj Flashcards Quizle

The occipitomental (OM) or Waters view is an angled PA radiograph of the skull, with the patient gazing slightly upwards. Indications It can be used to assess for facial fractures, as well as for acute sinusitis. In general, radiographs of the. Intraoral and extraoral radiographs are used in conjunction with the oral exam to evaluate and stage the degree of periodontal disease. A complete radiologic exam includes intraoral and extraoral cassettes. • Standard dental floating equipment (hand or power instruments) is sufficient for occlusal adjustment treatment. Study models provide vital information about your patient's teeth and occlusion. They are an essential diagnostic aid when planning cosmetic dentistry, oral surgery, and orthodontics. The information given by a study model includes accurate replication of the teeth and the surrounding soft tissues. By providing a 3-D model that will allow you. If a polyvinyl siloxane material is used to make the final impression for a maxillary cast restoration, the impression tray must 1. be rigid. 2. have occlusal stops. 3. be coated with an appropriate adhesive. 4. cover the hard palate All of the above. (4) only (2) and (4) (1) and (3) (1) (2) (3

32. All of the following cause xerostomia except? caries, candidiasis, dental attrition 37. Dentist suggest to patient that she should change all of his amalgams for resins because they can cause cancer, what ethic code is he violating? maleficience, non - maleficiense, autonomy 39 a. the lips are not closed around the biteblock during exposure. b. the tongue is not resting on the palate during exposure. c.The lead thyroid collar gets in the way of the primary beam. d. Facial jewelry is not removed prior to exposurer. B. the tongue is not resting on the palate during exposure

D. All of the above. 6. The surface of a deciduous molar requiring the LEAST amount of reduction during the preparation of a stainless steel crown is the A. distal. B. buccal. ans C. mesial. D. lingual. E. occlusal. 7. In the examination of the child patient, normal gingiva is diagnosed on the basis of 1. contour. 2. stippling. 3. sulcus depth Non-Ionizing Radiation Definition. Non-ionizing radiation is any kind of radiation in the electromagnetic spectrum that does not have enough energy to remove an electron from an atom and turn it into an ion.This contrasts with ionizing radiation like x-rays, gamma rays and alpha particles, which come from the other end of the spectrum and are unstable and reactive Split root. Vertical root fracture. Understanding and identifying these five types can provide guidance for treating cracked teeth. The vertical order of these cracks, from top to bottom, signifies the general prognosis for a particular crack. That is, craze lines have a good prognosis, whereas a vertical root fracture has a very poor prognosis Introduction. Splinting has been advocated after repositioning of a tooth/teeth to stabilize the tooth/teeth and to optimize healing outcomes for the pulp and/or the periodontal ligament. 1 A splint has been defined as 'an apparatus used to support, protect or immobilize teeth that have been loosened, replanted, fractured or subjected to certain endodontic surgical procedures'. 2. Panoramic radiography, also called panoramic x-ray, is a two-dimensional (2-D) dental x-ray examination that captures the entire mouth in a single image, including the teeth, upper and lower jaws, surrounding structures and tissues. The jaw is a curved structure similar to that of a horseshoe

General Anatomy and Radiographic Positioning Terminology

The image of the upper jaw was obtained with the long dimension of the film parallel with the occlusal plane and the image of the lower jaw with the short dimension of the film parallel with the occlusal plane.The radiographs were obtained with Planmeca Prostyle Intra (Planmeca Oy, Helsinki, Finland) (Leuven, Athens, and Malmö) and Siemens. Centric relation (CR), in healthy TMJs, is the location of the mandible when the condyles are positioned superiorly and anteriorly in the glenoid fossae. In CR, the thinnest avascular portion of the TMJ discs are in an anterosuperior position on the condylar head, and are adjacent to the beginning of the slopes of the articular eminences (see.

Must-know classifications of dental caries for the

The technique advocated by Wright et al., in 1949, was used to establish the occlusal plane in this study. The present study considered a cephalometric indicator, Yen Angle to determine the maxillomandibular relationship. The cephalometric tracing for all 90 cephalometric radiographs was carried out by an orthodontist All of the above 6. Air powder abrasive system should not be used in all of the following patients except: A. Diabetics B. Hyperte.nsives C. Haemodialysis patients D. Patients with respiratory infections 1 c 2 D 3 A 4 8 5 c 6 A Instruments Used in Periodontal Treatment 75 7 All services in the dental hygiene scope (except local anesthesia and nitrous) may be provided once to each patient. The supervising dentist must specify a period of time in which an examination by a dentist must occur prior to the dental hygienist rendering further dental hygiene services. However, this requirement does no

Orthodontic diagnosis - SlideShar

The result of this processed film will be a: reticulated image. You acquire a mandibular central incisor periapical image and there is a very large incisal margin. This problem was caused by: the patient did not close fully onto the receptor holder. Using a F-E speed film will contribute to film fogging We propose that malocclusions with predominantly vertical problems (open bite and deep bite) are challenging to treat because the skeletal and dentoalveolar components defining the vertical discrepancy are subject to a myriad of arrangements. Accordingly, the purpose of this paper is to relate how these variations must be factored into proper diagnosis, and demonstrate that individual. The patient must be provided with a shielded apron, for gonad protection, and a thyroid shield, especially during occlusal radiographic examinations of the maxilla. The use of a thyroid shield is especially important in children. The shielded apron and thyroid shield should have a lead equivalence of at least 0.25mmof lead

DA 114 Chapter 3-5 Study Guide

Definition of consensus. The following consensus rules applied: (1) Agreement to an item was defined by marking grades 7-10 on a scale from 1-10; (2) Minimum 70% of all participants needed to. Dose reduction achieved by downsizing the field of view (FOV) in CBCT scans has brought no benefit for pediatric orthodontics, until now. Standard 2D or 3D full-size cephalometric analyses require large FOVs and high effective doses. The aim of this study was to compare a new 3D reduced-FOV analysis using the Frankfurt horizontal (FH) plane as reference plane with a conventional full-size. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is the formation of a blood clot in a deep vein, most commonly in the legs or pelvis. A minority of DVTs, an estimated 4-10%, occur in the arms. Symptoms can include pain, swelling, redness, and enlarged veins in the affected area, but some DVTs have no symptoms. The most common life-threatening concern with DVT is the potential for a clot to embolize (detach from. i.e. a limited occlusal adjustment or application of desensitizing medicaments. • Code D0140 should be used for problem focused evaluations which includes examinations, prescribing medications, or referring patients to specialists. • Code D9310 may be used when another dentist has referred a patient to you to evaluate a specific problem Immediate occlusal loading of Osseotite implants in the lower edentulous jaw Immediate occlusal loading of Osseotite implants in the lower edentulous jaw Testori, Tiziano; Meltzer, Alan; Fabbro, Massimo Del; Zuffetti, Francesco; Troiano, Miguel; Francetti, Luca; Weinstein, Roberto Lodovico 2004-06-01 00:00:00 The widespread therapeutic use of dental implants over the last 20 years has led to.

cephalometric radiograph was taken for each individual by digital cephalometric machine (Planmeca, ProMax cephalostat with Dimax3, Asentajankatu) under standard conditions (68 KV, 10 mA and 1.13 magnifications). All radiographs were taken by the same operator with the same cephalometric setup and the same X-ra An oral appliance (occlusal splint [mouth guard]) usually relieves symptoms. The appliance is worn constantly, except during meals, oral hygiene, and appliance cleaning. When symptoms resolve, the length of time that the appliance is worn each day is gradually reduced All authors except one conducted a postoperative follow-up of a minimum of 6 months. The one exceptional study [ 13 ] was an alternative method for conventional surgical extraction (orthodontic technique), which included a preoperative follow-up until the tooth reached a safe position for extraction Number: 0107. Policy. Note: Some plans have limitations or exclusions applicable to chiropractic care.Please check benefit plan descriptions for details. Aetna considers chiropractic services medically necessary when all of the following criteria are met:. The member has a neuromusculoskeletal disorder; and The medical necessity for treatment is clearly documented; an

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