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List of viral diseases and their causative agents

Infectious Diseases - A to Z List: Department of Healt

Infectious Diseases - A to Z List. Chikungunya Virus Infection (Chikungunya) CDC. Clostridium Difficile Infection CDC. Coccidioidomycosis fungal infection (Valley fever) CDC. Creutzfeldt-Jacob Disease, transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (CJD) CDC. Encephalitis, Arboviral or parainfectious CDC Causes of Viral Diseases. Viral diseases are mainly caused when a virus enters the human body and uses the host machinery to reproduce. If the body's immune system fails to fight against viruses, it multiplies and spreads to other cells causing infections.. Symptoms of Viral Diseases List of human infectious diseases arranged by name. List of infectious diseases in humans. Disease Causative Agent (Bacteria, Virus, or other organism/agent) Acinetobacter infections Acinetobacter baumannii: Actinomycosis: Actinomyces israelii, Actinomyces gerencseriae and Propionibacterium propionicus: African.

Viral Diseases - Causes, Symptoms and Treatmen

The agents that cause disease fall into five groups: viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and helminths (worms). Protozoa and worms are usually grouped together as parasites, and are the subject of the discipline of parasitology, whereas viruses, bacteria, and fungi are the subject of microbiology. In Fig. 10.3, the classes of microorganism B. Babesiosis - Babesia microti (protozoan parasite; transmitted by deer tick) Bacillary angiomatosis - Bartonella henselae (pleomorphic G-) Bacterial meningitis- Streptococcus agalactiae, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis, Listeria monocytogenes, Gram negative rod-shaped bacteria Bacterial vaginosis- Gardnerella vaginalis, Mycoplasma hominis and various. Infectious plant diseases are caused by bacteria, fungi, or viruses and can range in severity from mild leaf or fruit damage to death. The following is a list of some of the major plant diseases, grouped by type of causative agent and ordered alphabetically. bacteria Pathogens are basically the disease-causing agents. These include viroid's, nematodes, prions, arthropods, notably mites and fleas and macro-parasites such as helminths and roundworms

List of infectious diseases - Simple English Wikipedia

WikiProject Medicine may be able to help recruit an expert. (August 2020) A disease causative agent is substance that causes disease. Examples include biological pathogens (such as a virus, bacteria, parasites, and fungus), toxins, tobacco, radiation, and asbestos Fungal diseases are often caused by fungi that are common in the environment. Fungi live outdoors in soil and on plants and trees as well as on many indoor surfaces and on human skin. Most fungi are not dangerous, but some types can be harmful to health Examples of mechanical transmission are flies carrying Shigella on their appendages and fleas carrying Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of plague, in their gut. In contrast, in biologic transmission, the causative agent of malaria or guinea worm disease undergoes maturation in an intermediate host before it can be transmitted to humans. The causative viral agent is passed out of the body of infected birds via eggs and feces. The virus may be transmitted mechanically from infected birds to susceptibles by blood-sucking parasites or by man in such procedures as fowl pox vaccination PHE has approval from the Secretary of State to process confidential information associated with notifiable causative agents and notifiable infectious diseases without patient consent under.

Viruses and bacteria are the most common disease-causing pathogens. They are microscopic in size and capable of multiplying rapidly under ideal environmental conditions. Other pathogens are fungi and protozoans. A discussion of each type follows. Viral diseases are the most difficult to control because viruses closely resemble the chemical. Chlamydia is the most common curable STD. 1  It infects the cervix in women and the penile urethra in men. Its most frequent symptoms are pain during sex and discharge from the penis or vagina. The reason chlamydia is one of the most common STDs is that most people who get chlamydia don't have symptoms for weeks, months, or even years Emerging Infectious Diseases: A Guide to Diseases, Causative Agents, and Surveillance - Ebook written by Lisa A. Beltz. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Emerging Infectious Diseases: A Guide to Diseases, Causative Agents, and Surveillance Diseases and Associated Part of Human Body: General Science is an integral part of General Awareness syllabus of SSC Exams.Today form the Biology section, we would be sharing study notes on Diseases and Associated Part of Human Body It is a very important topic for any competitive exam. Around 2 questions are asked about this topic in SSC Exams

Cardiovascular diseases or cardiovascular diseases is the class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels (arteries and veins). While the term technically refers to any disease that affects the cardiovascular system, it is usually used to refer to those related to arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries). successive infectionheart attackhigh blood pressurehigh blood. Diseases may be either infectious or noninfectious. The term infection, as observed earlier, implies an interaction between two living organisms, called the host and the parasite.Infection is a type of parasitism, which may be defined as the state of existence of one organism (the parasite) at the expense of another (the host).Agents (e.g., certain viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoans, worms. Agents/Diseases. Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) Botulism (Clostridium botulinum toxin) Plague (Yersinia pestis) Smallpox (variola major) Tularemia (Francisella tularensis) Viral hemorrhagic fevers, including Filoviruses (Ebola, Marburg) Arenaviruses (Lassa, Machupo) Category B Definition. Second highest priority agents include those tha Infectious Disease Names and their Etiologies Duke's disease- viral rash- Coxsackievirus or Echovirus; Dum Dum Disease - Kala Azar Yersinia, Vibrio, etc.), viruses (Rotaviruses, Norwalk-like agents), or parasites (Giardia, Entamoeba, Cryptosporidium) that cause diarrhea

Disease category. Representative causative agent (Allergen) Symptoms and further info. Sino-Nasal Cancer. Wood dust. Often, there may be a period of latency (inactivity) between the actual exposure and the development of disease, which might take decades How to use this tool How to use this tool. Stanford University follows the categorizing of infectious agents into levels as described in Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL), 5th edition, written and published by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and NIH. The descriptions of biosafety levels (BSL) 1 - 4 parallel those in the NIH Guidelines for research. What is it: A very contagious disease caused by the variola virus. It is the only infectious disease to be eradicated. The announcement was made by the World Health Organization in 1980 after the. Diseases Caused By Fungi. Ringworms. Fungi belonging to the genera Micr Trichophyton and Epidermophyton. Skin-skin contact. Humans. The fungi that cause parasitic infection, collectively dermatophytes, feed on keratin, the material found in the outer layer of skin, hair, and nails. Rust of wheat. Puccinia rust fungus

Some important human disease and their causative agen

A-Z guide to causes, symptoms & treatments of genetic, infectious and communicable diseases including skin, eye and heart disease, diabetes & cancer See Page 1. • There are two types of the causative virus, which are identified by viral typing; a) Herpes simplex type 1 b) Herpes simplex type 2 • Generally, herpes simplex type 1 occurs on the skin of the lips, mouth, gums or tongue and type 2 in the genital area , but both viral types can be found in both locations Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. Many illnesses and conditions can cause inflammation of the liver, for example, drugs, alcohol, chemicals, and autoimmune diseases.Many viruses, for example, the virus causing mononucleosis and the cytomegalovirus, can inflame the liver.Most viruses, however, do not attack primarily the liver; the liver is just one of several organs that the viruses. A theory in medicine stating that microorganisms are the causative agents of infectious, contagious diseases. Globalization The process by which regional economies, societies, and cultures are becoming integrated through a global network of trade, migration, communication, and the spread of new technology Based on the causative agent (s) granulomas have a diverse etiology. They are classified into 4 groups: 1) T cell-mediated immune granulomas formed to infectious agents. 2) Granulomas with unknown etiology but with a T lymphocyte-mediated profile. 3) Foreign body granulomas induced by inanimate substances

Table: Infectious Diseases HealthE

Koch's Postulates. Four criteria that were established by Robert Koch to identify the causative agent of a particular disease, these include: the pathogen can be isolated from the diseased host and grown in pure culture. the pathogen from the pure culture must cause the disease when inoculated into a healthy, susceptible laboratory animal teach their patients and members of the community effective ways of preventing infections and infectious diseases, to provide high quality and effective care to people with infectious diseases and to use appropriate measures to ensure safe practice. The manual comprises seven modules. Each module is in two parts: theory and practice Because of their curious nature, a cow may easily be bitten by a rabid animal wandering into the pasture. Vaccination frequency for most animals is every 3 years, after an initial series of two vaccines 1 year apart. A few vaccines are available for use in horses, cattle, and sheep. Rabies has the highest fatality rate of any infectious disease A flu virus can cause a runny nose, muscle aches, and an upset stomach. A person with a bacterial infection will often experience redness, heat, swelling, fever, and pain at the site of infection.

  1. Causative agents in infection are pathogens. Pathogens are micro-organisms that are capable of causing diseases or infections. If micro-organisms from a person's own body cause an infection, it is called an endogenous infection.. If a micro-organism derived from sources outside a person's own body causes an infection, it is called an exogenous infection
  2. infection, it is an infectious agent. In this manual infectious agents which cause infection and illness are called pathogens. Diseases caused by pathogens, or the toxins they produce, are communicable or infectious diseases (45). In this manual these will be called disease and infection. This chapter presents the transmission cycle of disease.
  3. Sexually transmitted disease list is given as follows: AIDS. The bacteria, Treponema pallidum, is the causative agent of this STD. The bacteria find their path in the body through various wounds. As the name suggests, it is an infected viral disease. The most common symptoms include warts on the buccal cavity, throat, and on the.
  4. ivirus, is the causative agent of cassava mosaic disease. Virus symptoms in the infected host plant vary from mild to very severe and can, in some instances, result in the total devastation of the crop . Consequently, this disease has become a constraint for cassava cultivation and its exploitation
  5. Extension Veterinary Medicin

There are three major causes of STDs/STIs: Bacteria, including chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis; Viruses, including HIV/AIDS, herpes simplex virus, human papillomavirus, hepatitis B virus, cytomegalovirus (CMV), and Zika Parasites, such as trichomonas vaginalis, or insects such as crab lice or scabies mites 1; Any STI can be spread through sexual activity including sexual intercourse, and. NOIDs causative agents: week 40 (week ending 4 October 2020) This file may not be suitable for users of assistive technology. Request an accessible format. If you use assistive technology (such as.

Communicable diseases may be classified according to the causative agent, the clinical illness caused, or the means of transmission. Often all three characteristics are used (e.g., food-borne Salmonella gastroenteritis). Causative agents include bacteria, viruses, and parasites See table: Global Zoonoses a for a list of zoonotic bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic diseases, grouped by category. Many proven zoonoses, including some diseases that are rare in people, organisms that are maintained primarily in people, some primate diseases, and diseases caused by fish and reptile toxins have been omitted These organisms include fungi, bacteria, and viruses. About 85% of all plant diseases are caused by fungi. Therefore, on a statistical basis alone, you are likely to encounter fungal diseases much more often than those caused by other types of pathogens These enteric viruses have infrequently been identified as the etiologic agents of waterborne disease outbreaks, because of inadequate diagnostic technology, but many outbreaks of unknown etiology currently reported are likely due to viral agents. Actually, Norwalk virus and Norwalk-like viruses are recognized as the major causes of waterborne.

List of Bacterial diseases in Human: Causative Agent

Horizontal transmission of infectious communicable diseases. Transmission of infectious agents from an infected individual to a susceptible contemporary (another person) Example: 1. Common vehicles (blood-, water- or food-borne illnesses) 2. Airborne pathogen (TB, flu) 3. Vector borne pathogen (malaria, dengue, West Nile The seriousness and outlook of zoonotic diseases vary depending on the type of disease you have. Many are treatable, while others can cause serious long-term and even lifelong and fatal conditions The causative agent of rickettsialpox, R. akari, is transmitted by house mouse mites and circulates in mainly urban centers in Ukraine, South Africa, Korea, the Balkan states, and the United States. Outbreaks of rickettsialpox most often occur after contact with infected peridomestic rodents and their mites, especially during natural die-offs. Plant disease - Plant disease - Transmission: With the exception of tobacco mosaic virus, relatively few viruses or viroids are spread extensively in the field by contact between diseased and healthy leaves. All viruses that spread within their host tissues (systemically) can be transmitted by grafting branches or buds from diseased plants on healthy plants Burkholderia pseudomallei, the causative agent of melioidosis, is a Tier 1 select agent which can affect both animals and humans. Cases are most common in areas of the world with tropical and sub-tropical climates. Most cases in the United States occur in persons returning from a country where the disease is endemic

Infectious Diseases: Types, Causes, Symptoms And Prevention

It covers all the principal risks to travellers' health, both during their journeys and at their destinations. It describes all relevant infectious diseases, including their causative agents, modes of transmission, clinical features and geographical distribution, and provides details of prophylactic and preventive measures Emerging Infectious Diseases. A Guide to Diseases, Causative Agents, and Surveillance. Edition No. 1. Public Health/Epidemiology and Biostatistic

Attempts to rigidly apply Koch's postulates to the diagnosis of viral diseases in the late 19 th century, at a time when viruses could not be seen or isolated in culture, may have impeded the early development of the field of virology. Currently, a number of infectious agents are accepted as the cause of disease despite their not fulfilling. Handbook of Foodborne Diseases summarizes the latest findings on more than 100 foodborne diseases and their causative agents. With contributions from international experts on foodborne pathogens, toxins, and toxic agents research, this volume provides state-of-the-art overviews on foodborne diseases in relation to their etiology, biology.

However, other serious diseases of food and feed crops are caused by viral and bacterial organisms. Certain nematodes also cause plant disease. Some plant diseases are classified as abiotic, or diseases that are non-infectious and include damage from air pollution, nutritional deficiencies or toxicities, and grow under less than optimal. The author describes the diseases and their causative agents that are major factors in the health of populations the world over. The book contains up-to-date selections from infectious disease journals as well as information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the World Health Organization, MedLine Plus, and the American. This Guidance is no longer in effect and is for historical purposes only. June 8, 2020. To: Veterinarians considering SARS-CoV2 infection in patients Subject: SARS-CoV-2 (causative agent for human CoVID-19) Testing in Animals This document describes procedures and criteria for testing pets, livestock, and other animals for SARS-CoV-2, the viral agent of the COVID-19 outbreak

11 Common Waterborne Diseases: Symptoms and Prevention

  1. g infected by the pathogen. This may happen through
  2. Laboratory tests. Many infectious diseases have similar signs and symptoms. Samples of body fluids can sometimes reveal evidence of the particular microbe that's causing the illness. This helps the doctor tailor treatment. Blood tests. A technician obtains a sample of blood by inserting a needle into a vein, usually in the arm. Urine tests
  3. Overview. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) — or sexually transmitted infections (STIs) — are generally acquired by sexual contact. The organisms (bacteria, viruses or parasites) that cause sexually transmitted diseases may pass from person to person in blood, semen, or vaginal and other bodily fluids
  4. Infectious Disease; Topics Topics Selected Topics. epidemiologic significance and methods of control of such diseases can be fully understood only if their causative agents are discovered.
List of Human Diseases

Infectious agents and how they cause disease

  1. PCP is extremely rare in healthy people, but the fungus that causes the disease can live in their lungs without causing symptoms. Individuals with weakened immune systems, such as people with HIV/AIDS, cancer patients, and people with inflammatory or autoimmune diseases taking certain medications that weaken the immune system, are at greatest.
  2. Nearly all types of VHF are zoonoses - that is, their causative agents are maintained through cycles of infection in wild animals, but are occasionally transferred to humans through direct physical contact with virus-containing blood or tissues, exposure to aerosolized excretions or the bite of a blood-feeding arthropod
  3. virus mostly before prodrome starts (early or impending disease time), to about 4 days after rash appears. Handwashing critical. MMR vaccination part of childhood program. Meningi tis - inflammation of meninges caused by bacteria & viruses Viral meningitis - most common type of meningitis; self-limited disease lasting 7-10 days
  4. Start studying Diseases and their Causative Agents. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. set (14) Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers (VHF) Refers to a group of illnesses that are caused by several distinct families of viruses. In general, used to describe a severe multisystem syndrome (multiple organs are.
  5. Immune Deficiency Diseases. The immune system fights germs, viruses and poisons that attack the body. It is composed of white blood cells and other warrior cells. When a foreign particle enters the body, these cells surround and destroy this enemy. We have all heard of AIDS and the harm it does to the immune system. Some chemicals and drug
  6. Certain infectious agents, including viruses, bacteria, and parasites, can cause cancer or increase the risk that cancer will form.Some viruses can disrupt signaling that normally keeps cell growth and proliferation in check. Also, some infections weaken the immune system, making the body less able to fight off other cancer-causing infections
  7. The Ebola virus was first identified in 1976 and the Marburg virus in 1967. Both can jump from their natural reservoir (bats) to human and non-human primates. The virus can then spread to other humans through direct contact with blood and bodily fluids. Both diseases are characterized by fever, diarrhoea, vomiting and bleeding, and have a case.

CDC-006-00019, Revision: 06 CDC/DDID/NCIRD/ Division of Viral Diseases Effective: 12/01/2020 Intended Use The CDC 2019-Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Real-Time RT-PCR Diagnostic Panel is a real. Here is a list of the most common viruses affecting apple. Note that some of these may also affect other crops and will be noted in the descriptions. A list of major viral diseases affecting pear are listed after the apple section. Apple Mosaic Virus. Causative agent: Apple Mosaic Viru List the causative pathogen, modes of transmission, virulence factors, prevention, treatment and epidemiology of the following diseases a. MRSA Skin and soft-tissue infection: Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus, direct & indirect contact, coagulase, hygiene practices, CDC, most common in children and young to middle adult ages Viral agents were first used as weapons by British General Jeffrey Amherst in 1763 against the Native Americans during the French and Indian War. As a biological weapon, viral agents would most. Bacteria are capable of reproducing on their own. The symptoms of viral and bacterial illnesses are sometimes similar. A doctor can determine the underlying cause of an illness based on the patient's symptoms and other factors. Lab tests may help clarify whether an illness is due to a virus, bacteria, or other infectious agent or disease process

Infectious Diseases: Alphabetically arrange

  1. long list of infectious diseases affecting man and many animals, as well as plants, is now known to be caused by filterable viruses, as these agents are col-lectively called. The term virus, of course, has reference to the infectious, pestilential nature of the maladies caused by these organisms, and the at-tribute filterable to their extremel
  2. hemant August 31, 2009 Reply. Hi Sir, This is really good , in addition you could also mention the type of causative organism (bacteria, virus, worms etc.) in the causative agents as it will be difficult to identify the type of organism from their names
  3. causative agent can be taken to mean: • a causative agent listed in Schedule 2 of the Regulations (and replicated in Appendix 1) • evidence of an infection caused by such an agent It should be noted, however, that the existing voluntary reporting includes a more comprehensive list of causative agents than that in the Notification.

Viral diseases are extremely widespread infections caused by viruses, a type of microorganism. There are many types of viruses that cause a wide variety of viral diseases. The most common type of viral disease is the common cold, which is caused by a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract (nose and throat) Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common childhood viral disease characterised by brief prodromal fever, followed by pharyngitis, mouth ulcers and rash on the hands and the feet. The disease is commonly mild and self-limiting. The common causative agents for HFMD are the coxsackieviruses type A, echovirus, and enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) 29.3 COMMUNICABLE DISEASES (INFECTIOUS DISEASES) The diseases which spread from one diseased person to another through contaminated food, water or contact or through insecticides, and animals are called the communicable diseases. These are caused by different causative agents (pathogens). 29.3.1 Diseases caused by viruses 1. Chicken po

List of plant diseases Britannic

All reported rickettsial diseases as well as their etiological agents are classed on the basis of the criteria presented, and, with the exception of the incompletely studied mite-borne group, the available evidence strongly suggests that all are varieties of typhus and spotted fever tion of the range of post-infectious disorders and their causative agents is given in Table I, together with some original and review references. Fatigue syndromes Apost-infectious complaint which is not found in this well-accepted list ofsyndromes is the syndrome of fatigue, muscle weakness and variable neurological abnormalities which has bee Some even cause diseases, such as vaginal yeast infections and oral thrush (Figure \(\PageIndex{6}\)). Figure \(\PageIndex{5}\): Candida albicans is a unicellular fungus, or yeast. It is the causative agent of vaginal yeast infections as well as oral thrush, a yeast infection of the mouth that commonly afflicts infants The disease was first discovered in 1514 by the Italian monk H. Fracastorius in cattle. In 1897, Loeffler and Frosch demonstrated that a filterable agent caused FMD is the foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) [ 1 ]. The causative agent of FMD disease belongs to the family Picornaviridae, genus Aphthovirus Infectious diseases can be caused by many pathogens, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites that may cause illness and disease. For humans, transmission of pathogens may occur in a variety of ways: spread from person-to-person by direct contact, water or foodborne illness or aerosolization of infected particles in the environment and.

Some attractive targets of gene therapy for this class of diseases, and their causative genes using immunomodulatory agents such as K. Viral vectors in gene therapy. Diseases. 2018;6:42.. Common human disease (AIDS,Ascariasis ,Athletes' Foot ,Bacillary Dysentery,Botulism ,Chickenpox ,Cholera ,Common Cold ,Dengue,Diarrhea ,Diphtheria ,Filariasi.. Tuberculosis (TB), an airborne infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC), remains a global health problem. West Africa has a unique epidemiology of TB that is characterized by medium- to high-prevalence. Moreover, the geographical restriction of M. africanum to the sub-region makes West Africa have an extra burden to deal with a two-in-one pathogen Waterborne bacterial disease: An illness due to infection with bacteria contaminating the water supply. Waterborne bacterial diseases cause a wide range of syndromes including: acute dehydrating diarrhea (), prolonged febrile illness with abdominal symptoms (typhoid fever), acute bloody diarrhea (dysentery), and chronic diarrhea (Brainerd diarrhea)..

Bacterial infections are one cause of foodborne illness. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, chills, and abdominal pain are common symptoms of food poisoning. Raw meat, fish, eggs, poultry, and unpasteurized dairy products may harbor harmful bacteria that can cause illness. Unsanitary food preparation and handling can also encourage bacterial. Communicable diseases, also known as infectious diseases or transmissible diseases, are illnesses that result from the infection, presence and growth of pathogenic (capable of causing disease) biologic agents in an individual human or other animal host. Infections may range in severity from asymptomatic (without symptoms) to severe and fatal It is important to have a plant diagnostics laboratory confirm the pathogen causing any diseases in a crop so that the disease can be appropriately managed. Fungi constitute the largest number of plant pathogens and are responsible for a range of serious plant diseases. Most vegetable diseases are caused by fungi

The causative agents of all fungal infections were identified. Dermatophytosis was the most common infection observed in 36 patients (45%) and T. rubrum was the predominant etiology. Erythrasma was the second most common infection confirmed in 28 patients (35%) and the etiology of all cases were considered C. minutissimum Campylobacteriosis is an infection by the Campylobacter bacterium, most commonly C. jejuni.It is among the most common bacterial infections of humans, often a foodborne illness.It produces an inflammatory, sometimes bloody, diarrhea or dysentery syndrome, mostly including cramps, fever and pain

Emerging Infectious Diseases book. Read reviews from world's largest community for readers. This important resource offers a comprehensive introduction. Click here to view the thematic website of COVID-19 Causative agent Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is the disease caused by a new coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2. Clinical features The most common symptoms of COVID-19 include fever, dry cough and fatigue. Other symptoms include loss of taste or smell, nasal congestion, conjunctivitis, sore throat, headache, muscle or joint pain, skin. Mothers infected with HTLV-1 can also pass on the virus to their children, although this risk can be reduced if the mother doesn't breastfeed. Infection with HTLV-1 is rare in the United States. Fewer than 1% of people in the US are infected with HTLV-1, but this rate is much higher in groups of people at high risk (such as injection drug users) The following is a list of the most common infectious diseases throughout the world today. Accurate caseload numbers are difficult to determine, especially because so many of these diseases are endemic to developing countries, where many people do not have access to modern medical care Most Common Communicable Skin Diseases among Athletes in Contact Sports Teams by Causative Agents Disease/Causative Agent Diagnostic Procedures* Return to Play Guidelines Guidelines for Exposed Athletes Herpes Gladiatorum (Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1) (HSV-1). Viral culture of lesion scraping or PCR No systemic symptoms of viral infectio

NCERT Class 9 Science Solutions: Chapter 13 Why Do We Fall

Infectious Diseases - Types, Causes and Example

More than 32 million people have died worldwide from AIDS and 38 million people are living with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The. INFECTIOUS AGENT. Leptospira spp., the causative agents of leptospirosis, are obligate aerobic, gram-negative spirochete bacteria. TRANSMISSION. The infection route is through abrasions or cuts in the skin, or through the conjunctiva and mucous membranes Damage: the infectious agent, the host or both cause tissue damage Outcome: the infectious agent or the host wins out, or they learn to co-exist. Theme-2: Each of these events may require some breach in the host defense/immunity and the manner in which an infectious agent combats host defense distinguishes it from other infectious agents

diarrhoeal diseases were responsible for 94% of foodborne illnesses, 63% of deaths and 57% of the burden. The overall burden of foodborne disease in the European Region in 2010 was estimated to be 413 020 DALYs. Non-typhoidal Salmonella spp., Campylobacter spp. and Toxoplasma gondii caused approximately 107 000, 82 000 and 73 000 DALYs. Infectious agent of chickenpox or shingles The causative agent is called human herpesvirus 3 (HHV-3) or varicella zoster virus (VZV). Identification of chickenpox or shingles Clinical features Varicella (chickenpox) Chickenpox generally presents with a low-grade fever, malaise and a rash Microbes and disease. A few harmful microbes, for example less than 1% of bacteria, can invade our body (the host) and make us ill. Microbes cause infectious diseases such as flu and measles. There is also strong evidence that microbes may contribute to many non-infectious chronic diseases such as some forms of cancer and coronary heart disease The core of this article is a list of the diseases and related traits or phenotypes the causal gene of which was identified in the rat (Table 1).The genes identified by forward genetic methods or, in a few instances, by direct molecular characterization are labeled by asterisks (see legend to table)

Poultry enteric diseases are an important economic problem involving many etiologic agents, including enteric viruses. Several viral agents have been detected around the world in enteric contents isolated from commercial chicken and turkeys flocks that initially appear healthy but exhibit enteric signs, such as diarrhoea, decreased food consumption, loss of body weight, and mortality INTRODUCTION. Recently, the journal Molecular Plant Pathology considered which viruses would appear in a Top 10 of plant viruses based on their perceived importance, scientifically or economically, in terms of the views of the contributors to the journal (Scholthof et al., 2011).This was followed by a similar review on fungi (Dean et al., 2012).. In younger animals, various bacteria, viruses and parasites of the upper and lower respiratory tract are often involved in the development of pneumonia. In adults, these same disease - causing agents can create pneumonia. In sheep, a systemic virus known as Ovine Progressive Pneumonia virus (OPPV) can play an important role

The sixth genus, Hepatovirus is famous for including their causative agents of viral hepatitis A. Previously this disease was called Botkin's disease or jaundice. Thus, the common unifying property of all Picornaviridae, is the genome in the form of single stranded on from mantids plus RNA, small capsids sizes, and the absence of super capsid Immunology of Infectious Diseases by Stefan H. E. Kaufmann, 9781555812140, available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide

Univariate and multivariate analysis of time to pneumonia
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