Symptoms characteristic of myxedema include

Myxedema: Coma, Symptoms, Pictures, Treatments and Mor

  1. Along with the signs and symptoms of severe hypothyroidism, symptoms of myxedema crisis can include: decreased breathing (respiratory depression) lower than normal blood sodium levels hypothermia..
  2. Any person displaying symptoms of myxedema or severe hypothyroidism must receive medical attention urgently. A person with myxedema may notice swelling in their face, legs, or tongue. Their skin..
  3. *Symptoms characteristic of myxedema include: a. weight loss b. swelling of facial tissue c. atrophied eyelids d. a receding tongue. B *Treatment of myxedema includes: a. radiation b. thyroxine replacement c. iron replacement d. calcium replacement. B *Congenital hypothyroidism is also know as: a. cretinis
  4. With myxedema there are skin symptoms that will usually be concurrently with the other symptoms of low thyroid hormones. Some of the skin symptoms would include: Thickening of your skin which is often called non-pitting edema. This means that if you press on the affected area and when you move the finger there will not be an imprint
  5. Myxedema Other symptoms typical of all types of hypothyroidism: merzlyavost caused by circulatory failure, heart pain, fatigue, drowsiness, reduced the overall tone, lethargy and total impaired ability to concentrate, loss of appetite, and constipation
  6. Its signs and symptoms include intense cold intolerance and drowsiness followed by profound lethargy and unconsciousness. A myxedema coma may be triggered by sedatives, infection or other stress on your body. If you have signs or symptoms of myxedema, you need immediate emergency medical treatment

Myxedema: Symptoms, treatment, and com

Along with the signs and symptoms of severe hypothyroidism, symptoms of myxedema crisis can include: decreased breathing (respiratory depression) lower than normal blood sodium levels. hypothermia (low body temperature Infantile Myxedema. It is a form of Myxedema that arises after birth and is exhibited by several features that include slow development and growth. It usually shows up during infancy and is characterized by a type of dry, waxy skin inflammation. The lips and nose often get swollen due to this disorder 52. A thyroid storm may include which of these symptoms? a. severe tachycardia b. severe bradycardia c. decrease in body temperature d. all of the above. A. 53. A simple goiter is: Symptoms characteristic of myxedema include: a. weight loss. b. swelling of facial tissue. c. atrophied eyelids. d. a receding tongue. B Myxedema coma or myxedema crisis is a life-threatening complication of hypothyroidism. Some symptoms of myxedema coma include fatigue, lethargy, depression, dry skin, and weight gain. Mild myxedema coma usually is treated by a general practitioner or internist while moderate to severe myxedema coma is treated and managed by an endocrinologist

Characteristic findings on physical examination Generalized myxedema is a manifestation of severe hypothyroidism developing over an extended period of time causing skin that appears waxy, doughy, swollen (although non-pitting) and dry Symptoms of myxedema include thickening of the skin and other symptoms associated with hypothyroidism, including fatigue, weight gain, depression, dry skin and brittle hair, among others. The thickening or swelling of the skin associated with myxedema is often described as edema without foaming

Although it may appear as the sole manifestation of a thyroid disorder, this is not usual. Therefore, patients have any of the following symptoms: In hyperthyroidism there is anxiety, difficulty concentrating, weight loss, heat intolerance, insomnia, double vision, exophthalmos, and profuse sweating Myxedema's symptoms are sometimes too challenging and in most occasions weigh heavily on the lives and health of the victims. Patients living with the disease have an enlarged skin which appears rough and swollen. The skin also seems to be dehydrated and deprived of essential nutrients Signs and symptoms Man with myxedema or severe hypothyroidism showing an expressionless face, puffiness around the eyes and pallor Additional finding include swelling of the arms and legs and significant ascites. Woman with myxedema, Bulgaria, 1930s Signs and symptoms include generalized fatigue, lethargy, increased body weight, pale, edematous and thickened skin, low blood pressure, constipation and cold intolerance

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Potential physical examination findings include the following: Pseudomyotonic reflexes - Prolonged relaxation phase, usually at least twice as long as the contraction phase Hypothermia (especially.. Symptoms of thyrotoxicosis include weight loss, palpitations, sweating (hyperhidrosis) and tremors. Glycosaminoglycans also called mucopolysaccharides, are complex carbohydrates that are important for tissue hydration and lubrication. The main glycosaminoglycan in pretibial myxedema is hyaluronic acid, which is made by cells called the fibroblasts Along with the signs and symptoms of severe hypothyroidism, symptoms of myxedema crisis can include: decreased breathing (respiratory depression) lower than normal blood sodium levels. hypothermia (low body temperature) confusion or mental slowness. shock. low blood oxygen levels. high blood carbon dioxide levels. coma Myxedema or severe hypothyroidism is clinical condition where the thyroid gland does not produce any thyroid hormone. In some cases, myxedema condition is also being referred to as underactive thyroid. Myxedema typically present with a distinct facial appearance, hoarse slow speech, and dryness of the skin. Myxedema (Hypothyroidism): Read more about Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment. The symptoms characteristic of hypothyroidism are numerous yet often vague and subtle, especially in early stages of the disease. Note the following: inciting factors responsible for developing myxedema coma are numerous and include infection, trauma, cold exposure, or medications such as sedatives and anesthetics. Previou

Myxedema coma treatment. Myxedema coma is a medical emergency. Early diagnosis, rapid administration of thyroid hormones and adequate supportive measures (Table) are essential for a successful outcome. The prognosis, however, remains poor with a reported mortality between 20% and 50% Myxedema coma is an endocrine emergency characterized by severe hypothyroidism, hypothermia, and altered mental status.94 There is usually a precipitating cause, such as an infection, myocardial infarction, stroke, or cold exposure. The mortality rate of untreated myxedema coma can be as high as 30% to 40%. 95,96 Treatment includes aggressive. Myxedema coma is a rare syndrome that represents the extreme expression of severe, longstanding hypothyroidism. It is a medical emergency and, even with early diagnosis and treatment, the mortality can be as high as 60%. The name is somewhat a misnomer, as actual coma is rare. The syndrome includes decompensated hypothyroidism, central nervous. Treatment of myxedema coma should be based on clinical suspicion and initiated without waiting for the results of thyroid function tests. • The optimal strategy for thyroid replacement remains controversial. Regimens include intravenous T 3, T 4, or a combination of both hormones. Given the risk for treatment-associated complications. Common signs and symptoms of Cushing syndrome. Weight gain and fatty tissue deposits, particularly around the midsection and upper back, in the face (moon face), and between the shoulders (buffalo hump) Pink or purple stretch marks (striae) on the skin of the abdomen, thighs, breasts and arms. Thinning, fragile skin that bruises easily

Myxedema coma is a rare syndrome that represents the extreme expression of severe, long-standing hypothyroidism. It is a medical emergency and, even with early diagnosis and treatment, the. Myxedema coma is a rare but severe complication of myxedema. It is a life-threatening complication with a mortality rate of 25-60 percent and tends to affect older adults. Symptoms of myxedema coma include a severe drop in body temperature, reduced breathing, and central nervous system failure, alongside other symptoms of hypothyroidism Disease myxedema has a broad spectrum of clinical symptoms and their row can be distinguished from myxedema other nosological diseases. Depending on the presence of chronic diseases, which facilitate the development of myxedema, age, hormone imbalance can be observed a different rate of progress of the disease Risk factors for myxedema include: a clinical history of hypothyroidism, belonging to the female sex, advanced age, surgical removal of the thyroid and the presence of autoimmune diseases. Symptoms, signs and complications . The characteristic clinical sign of myxedema is swelling where the accumulation of mucopolysaccharides has taken place If severe hypothyroidism is not treated, a cluster of symptoms called myxedema may appear. These symptoms include an expressionless face, thin hair, puffiness around the eyes, enlarged tongue, and thick skin that feels cool and doughy. Your doctor also will check for characteristic signs of hypothyroidism, such as looking for dry skin.

Myxedema Good Healt

Characteristic laboratory abnormalities of myxedema coma already mentioned include hypoxemia, hypercapnia, hyponatremia, and hypochloremia. Serum potassium levels are extremely variable. Blood glucose levels are generally in the normal range, but severe hypoglycemia can occur Pretibial myxoedema is a form of diffuse mucinosis in which there is an accumulation of excess glycosaminoglycans in the dermis and subcutis of the skin. Glycosaminoglycans, also called mucopolysaccharides, are complex carbohydrates that are important for tissue hydration and lubrication. The main glycosaminoglycan in pretibial myxoedema is. Signs and symptoms include nervousness Less common presentations of pretibial myxedema include a diffuse brawny often involving the extremities.12 Characteristic noncaseating granulomas. Signs and symptoms include nervousness, heat intolerance, palpi- tibial myxedema include a diffuse brawny extremities.12 Characteristic noncaseatin

Myxedema - symptoms, treatment, diagnosi

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symptoms of emphysema: functions of the liver include: production of cholesterol, metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and protein and detoxification of drugs and other toxins Symptoms characteristic of myxedema: swelling of facial tissue: cretinism: Congenital hypothyroidism: scrotum: houses the testes: PSA, sperm count, testosterone levels The medical term myxedema is most commonly used to describe the physical characteristics of a person who has untreated hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid). One typical feature of myxedema is generalized puffiness, especially noticeable in the face around the lips, nose and eyes. Other findings include: Dry skin myxedema: [ mik″sĕ-de´mah ] a condition resulting from advanced hypothyroidism , or deficiency of thyroxine ; it is the adult form of the disease whose congenital form is known as cretinism . adj., adj myxedem´atous. Myxedema may be caused by lack of iodine in the diet; by atrophy, surgical removal, or a disorder of the thyroid gland; by. Myxedema coma is a life-threatening complication of hypothyroidism, usually occurring in patients with a long history of hypothyroidism. Its characteristics include coma with extreme hypothermia (temperature 24° to 32.2° C), areflexia, seizures, and respiratory depression with carbon dioxide retention

Hypothyroidism - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

  1. If severe hypothyroidism is not treated, a cluster of symptoms called myxedema may appear. These symptoms include an expressionless face, thin hair, puffiness around the eyes, enlarged tongue, and.
  2. ished level of consciousness associated with severe hypothyroidism. Most individuals are not unconscious. Precipitating events include infections. • The diagnosis test: the clinical symptoms of hypothyroidism.
  3. Additional symptoms include swelling of the arms and legs and ascites. Pretibial woody (i.e. non-pitting) myxedema. A case of myxedema coma presenting as a brain stem infarct in a 74-year-old Korean woman. (A, B) Severe periorbital edema and thinned eyebrow. (C, D) Non-pitting edema and desquamation of the hands and feet
  4. The signs and symptoms characteristic of hypothyroidism are numerous yet often vague and subtle, especially in the early stages of the disease. Note the following: inciting factors responsible for developing myxedema coma are numerous and include infection, trauma, cold exposure, or medications such as sedatives and anesthetics. References.

What is the main characteristic of myxedema

Myxedema - Pictures ,Symptoms ,Causes And Treatmen

Aside from common symptoms of hypothyroidism, such as excessive tiredness, hair loss, muscle weakness, and weight gain, women can experience reproductive symptoms, too. These include heavier. LOCALIZED MYXEDEMA, OR thyroid dermopathy, is an infrequent manifestation of autoimmune thyroiditis and, in particular, of Graves' disease. It is characterized by localized thickening of the skin (1, 2).Commonly localized in the pretibial area, it is therefore often referred to as pretibial myxedema (PTM) Symptoms of hyperthyroidism arise from the elevated levels of thyroid hormones produced by the overactive thyroid gland. Excessive intake of thyroid hormones can produce these symptoms as well. Characteristic symptoms include a rapid heart rate, excessive sweating, intolerance to heat, tremor, nervousness, or agitation distinguish myxedema crisis from accidental hypothermia. DIAGNOSIS The diagnosis of hypothyroidism is based on laboratory testing. The diagnosis of myxedema crisis is clinical. The dierential diagnoses include sepsis, depression, adrenal crisis, congestive heart failure, hypoglycemia, stroke, hypothermia, drug overdose, and meningitis Myxedema Coma Mira Sofia Torres Charles H. Emerson Myxedema coma is a syndrome that occurs in advanced untreated hypothyroidism [1,2,3,4,5]. It is defined by a group of characteristic clinical features and not by laboratory evidence of severe hypothyroidism (Table 103.1). Myxedema coma is generally preceded by increasingly severe signs and symptoms of thyroid insufficiency

Hypothyroidism or myxedema is group of signs and symptoms that characterize a thyroid hormone deficiency. Primary hypothyroidism is the most common form, and is most common is the fifth and sixth decades of life, and is more common in women. Up to 75% of hypothyroid patients have circulating antibodies to thyroid antigens, which suggest an autoimmune component (see thyroiditis below) Significant visual defects such as blurred vision, protrusion of the eyes, characteristic gaze or stare, double vision (diplopia), all together termed asophthalmopathy. Some of the symptoms that could be evident in a developing baby include: Rapid or increased heart rate that is higher than 160 beats per minute. Exhaustion. Fatigu Most commonly occurs in individuals who have undergone treatment for breast cancer, as a consequence of the removal of lymph nodes. The most common cause of pediatric lymphedema is a condition called lymphatic filariasis, which is a parasitic infection typically caused by the Wuscheria bancrofti worm. Myxedema Also called thyroid dermopath

severity of myxedema and duration of myxedema symptoms should be considered when Due to differences in absorption characteristics of patients and the oral levothyroxine Levothyroxine Sodium Injection include arrhythmias, tachycardia, myocardial ischemia an Graves' disease is an autoimmune disease of the thyroid, which leads to hyperthyroidism. Classic findings include pretibial myxedema and exophthalmos. Patients display hyperthyroid symptoms (goiter, heat intolerance, weight loss, insomnia, hyperactivity, and palpitations) due to IgG antibodies which activate TSH receptors, leading to release of. The symptoms include those below: Myxedema: this is caused by an elevated level of mucopolysaccharides (chondroitin sulfate and hyaluronic acid). These accumulate in the dermis, most prominently. Irreversible changes may occur unless treatment is initiated with the first 6 weeks of life. Cretinism Prognosis. When treated early, the outcome is good. Newborns diagnosed and treated within the first few weeks after birth generally have normal intelligence. Late-treatment or non-treatment causes delayed growth and intellectual disability [7] Major symptoms include unintentional weight loss despite an increased appetite, irritability, nervousness, anxiety, diarrhea, feeling weak/tired all the time, shaking hands, palpitations, poor tolerance to heat, excessive sweating, and thick, red skin on the tibia/shin bone (pretibial myxedema)

Prolonged gestation of more than 42 weeks could indicate a possibility of congenital hypothyroidism. Infants born with congenital hypothyroidism may show no effects, or may display mild effects that often go undetecte as a medical problem: excessive sleeping , reduced interest in nursing, poor muscle tone, low or hoarse cry, infrequent bowel movements, exaggerated jaundice, and low body. Myxedema coma is a rare life-threatening endocrine emergency whose consequences include varying degrees of altered mental state, hypothermia, bradycardia, low cardiac output, hypoventilation, and pericardial effusion. The authors present the case of a man with a subdural hematoma triggering severe myxedema coma, resulting in a large pericardial effusion with subsequent cardiopulmonary arrest Myxedema describes a specific form of cutaneous and dermal edema secondary to increased deposition of connective tissue components. The connective fibres are separated by an increased amount of protein and mucopolysaccharides. These can include glycosaminoglycans, hyaluronic acid, chondroitin sulfate and other mucopolysaccharides. This protein-mucopolysaccharide complex binds water, producing. Prezzi convenienti su Symptoms. Spedizione gratis (vedi condizioni Who gets pretibial myxoedema? Pretibial myxoedema is nearly always associated with Graves disease. Graves disease is an autoimmune disorder that affects the thyroid gland in which there are antibodies to TSH-R activate the receptor, often causing an increase in circulating thyroid hormone. This is hyperthyroidism or thyrotoxicosis. Symptoms of thyrotoxicosis include weight loss, palpitations.

Myxedema . Myxedema is a severe form of hypothyroidism in which metabolism slows to a point where you can fall into a coma and potentially die. It is associated with untreated disease and can be recognized by characteristic changes in the skin and other organs, including:  Myxedema coma is a life-threatening complication of hypothyroidism. Examples of triggers of myxedema coma include medications, infections, strokes, and trauma. Some of the symptoms of myxedema coma include hypothermia, seizures, difficulty breathing, and coma. Treatment of myxedema coma depend on the severity of the condition These include sedatives, an infection, or other stressors on the body. Myxedema is an emergency condition that requires immediate medical treatment. If you experience any of its symptoms, call 911. Now thanks to optimal thyroid treatment including all the many pieces of the thyroid puzzle that I include at Hypothyroid Mom, the majority of my symptoms have completely disappeared. I just recently counted the number of symptoms that I experience and I only have 9 left that persist but even then most of the 9 are greatly improved Signs and symptoms may be mild or severe, brief or longer-lasting when they may become reduced (), or then recur (relapse or recrudescence) known as a flare-up.A flare-up may show more severe symptoms. The term chief complaint, also presenting problem, is used to describe the initial concern of an individual when seeking medical help, and once this is clearly noted a history of the present.

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  1. The characteristic delay in deep tendon reflexes may be lacking if the patient is areflexic. Seizures may accompany the comatose state. Although the pathogenesis of myxedema coma is not clear, factors that predispose to its development include exposure to cold, infection, trauma, and central nervous system depressants or anesthetics
  2. Nephrotic syndrome is a kidney disorder that causes your body to pass too much protein in your urine. Nephrotic syndrome is usually caused by damage to the clusters of small blood vessels in your kidneys that filter waste and excess water from your blood. The condition causes swelling, particularly in your feet and ankles, and increases the.
  3. Myxedema coma is a state of severe life-threatening hypothyroidism that is classically associated with decreased mentation. It is a clinical diagnosis, and no one specific laboratory value can establish the diagnosis. The typical myxedema coma case presents as an elderly woman with all the features of long-standing hypothyroidism but with stupor or coma and hypothermia
  4. Myxedema. Primary hypothyroidism occurring in juveniles and adults leads to myxedema. Though it is not common in secondary hypothyroidism, rarely it can manifest in seconday hypothyroidism as well. Hypothyroidism is one of the common endocrine disorders seen in India
  5. Treatment: Prompt recognition and diagnosis of myxedema is required. It is a fatal condition if left untreated, and myxedema coma is precipitated by a total lack of thyroid hormone. Thyroid replacement with levothyroxine (synthetic T4) is required
  6. Myxedema. Myxedema is considered to be the classic characteristic skin sign that reveals the presence of either undiagnosed severe hypothyroidism or unsuccessfully treated severe hypothyroidism. [vii] This is a serious condition that requires treatment right away, as severe hypothyroidism may have caused it to begin with
  7. hypothyroidism: Definition Hypothyroidism, or underactive thyroid, develops when the thyroid gland fails to produce or secrete as much thyroxine (T 4 ) as the body needs. Because T 4 regulates such essential functions as heart rate, digestion, physical growth, and mental development, an insufficient supply of this hormone can slow.

Jolles S, Hughes J. Use of IGIV in the treatment of atopic dermatitis, scleromyxedema, pydoderma gangranosum, psoriasis, and prtibial myxedema. Int Immunopharmacol . 2006;4:579-591. From the May. Thyrotoxicosis is an illness that does not affect many people.But there are still people that are affected by this illness and this means that everyone does still have to remain vigilant when it comes to this disease because it can appear out of the blue so everyone does have to remain vigilant when it comes to this illness appearing in people ABBREVIATIONS & DEFINITIONS. Myxedema Coma: a medical emergency and complication of severe hypothyroidism triggered by other events like infection, causing malfunction of other organs; some of the symptoms may include low body temperature, slow heart rate, change in mental status. Hypothyroidism: a condition where the thyroid gland is underactive and doesn't produce enough thyroid hormone Myxedema is a term for severe hypothyroidism. In very severe cases, it can result in a ' myxedema crisis ' which can cause swelling all over the body, fall in BP and body temperature, drowsiness, confusion, shock, seizures, and even coma. Thyrotoxicosis is a term used for a highly overactive thyroid gland releasing high levels of thyroid. Medical problems commonly associated with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome include heart defects, poor immune system function, a cleft palate, complications related to low levels of calcium in the blood, and delayed development with behavioral and emotional problems. The number and severity of symptoms associated with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome vary

Question: Keeping In Mind The Hormonal Control Of T3 And T4 Secretion As Well As Some Of The Basic Physiological Functions Of T3 And T4, Classify The Following Statements At Left As Being Characteristic Of Hypothyroidism Or Hyperthyroidism, By Dragging Them Into The Appropriate Box At Right. Hypothyroidism Hyperthyroidism Symptoms Include Fatigue, Changes In. Myxedema coma can actually result in death. Fortunately, the condition is rare. It occurs in the lower leg portion and behind the eyes. Before a patient develops myxedema coma, features of hypothyroidism are usually present and may have gone unsuspected for a long period of time. These symptoms include Untreated hypothyroidism can progress to a state of depressed metabolic activity known as Myxedema Coma. The disease is extremely rare, occurring in only 0.1 percent of all patients who have hypothyroidism. The manifestations of Myxedema Coma include hypothermia, hypotension, cardiac arrhythmias, and bradycardia followed by death Graves' disease may present clinically with one of the following characteristic signs: * exophthalmos (protuberance of one or both eyes) * a non-pitting edema (pretibial myxedema), with thickening of the skin usually found on the lower extremities * fatigue, weight loss with increased appetite, and other symptoms of hyperthyroidism * rapid heart beats * muscular weakness The two signs that are.

The most common symptoms of hypothyroidism in adults are fatigue, lethargy, cold intolerance, weight gain, constipation, change in voice, and dry skin, but the clinical presentation can include a wide variety of symptoms that differ with age, sex, and time between onset and diagnosis (table 1). 54,55 The symptoms for the diagnosis of. Ono Y, Ono S, Yasunaga H, Matsui H, Fushimi K, Tanaka Y. Clinical characteristics and outcomes of myxedema coma: Analysis of a national inpatient database in Japan. J Epidemiol . 2017 Mar. 27 (3):117-22 Hyperthyroidism, excess production of thyroid hormone by the thyroid gland. Most patients with hyperthyroidism have an enlarged thyroid gland (goiter), but characteristics of the enlargement vary. Examples of thyroid disorders that give rise to hyperthyroidism include Graves disease, Plummer disease, and thyroiditis Treatment. Treatment of brawny edema is usually very challenging, and it also depends on the underlying cause. Treatment includes usage of medications, physical therapy, surgery and different remedies. Lymphedema. There is no cure for lymphedema, but the treatment options focus on decreasing symptoms and discomfort. These methods include

Localized myxedema or thyroid dermopathy is classically localized to the anterior shins; hence, it is more commonly known as PTM. PTM is rare and occurs in approximately 4.3% of patients with Graves disease. 1. PTM is nearly always associated with Graves disease but has been reported with Hashimoto thyroiditis as well as primary hypothyroidism. Signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism may include irritability, muscle weakness, sleeping problems, a fast heartbeat, poor tolerance of heat, diarrhea and unintentional weight loss. Other symptoms may include thickening of the skin on the shins, known as pretibial myxedema, and eye bulging, a condition caused by Graves' ophthalmopathy It is often possible to diagnose myxedema on clinical grounds alone. Characteristic symptoms are weakness, cold intolerance, mental and physical slowness, dry skin, typical facies, and hoarse voice. Results of the total serum thyroxine and free thyroxine index tests usually will confirm the diagnosis. Managemen

Signs and Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism. Thyroid hormones normally regulate various systems in the body. They play a key role in various body systems like modulating metabolism, breathing, promoting brain development, regulating body temperature, normalizing the function of cardiovascular and nervous systems, improving muscle strength, weight, preventing skin dryness, stabilizing menstrual. Other symptoms of myopathy can include include muscle cramps, stiffness, and spasm. Some other myopathies will present in different muscle groups like thighs, back muscles, or fingers, and could be possibly associated with other symptoms like myalgia, rashes, fatigue, or cramps Addison's disease, also known as primary adrenal insufficiency and hypocortisolism, is a rare long-term endocrine disorder characterized by inadequate production of the steroid hormones cortisol and aldosterone by the two outer layers of the cells of the adrenal glands (adrenal cortex), causing adrenal insufficiency. Symptoms generally come on slowly and insidiously and may include abdominal. Symptoms of RA include joint stiffness, swelling, and pain, especially in the feet and hands. Lupus and RA also share many of the same complications, including anemia (low red blood cell count), pericarditis (swelling of the lining around your heart), vasculitis (swelling of small blood vessels) and atherosclerosis (inflammation of the arteries) What is Cretinism? The term 'Cretinism' refers to severe hypothyroidism during birth (deficiency of thyroid hormone) leading to stunted physical and mental growth. It is also known as Congenital hypothyroidism, Congenital Iodine-deficiency Syndrome, Salt Deficiency, Syndrome In children aged 2 years or above, the disease is referred to as primary hypothyroidism

Myxedema coma, occasionally called myxedema crisis, is a rare life-threatening clinical condition that represents severe hypothyroidism with physiological decompensation. [1, 2] The condition usually occurs in patients with long-standing, undiagnosed hypothyroidism and is usually precipitated by infection, cerebrovascular disease, heart failure.

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