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Engineering by analogy

Understanding Electrical Engineering with Analogie

the role of analogies in the engineering design process, and educational applications for analogical reasoning. Researchers have discovered that analogical reasoning is often a fundamental cognitive tool in design problem solving. Regarding the possible role of analogical reasoning in the context o water starts flowing from a collector (battery) Nothing in an electric circuit really works like a collector of water. In your analogy, water is electric charge which, in metals, is carried by electrons slowly drifting. Batteries do not store charge, they are not a reservoir of charge (nor of electrons) Analogies give engineers insight. A person trying to explain a difficult concept will often say, Well, the analogy is . The use of analogies in everyday life aids in understanding and makes everyone better communicators. Mechatronic systems depend on the interactions among mechanical, electrical, magnetic, fluid, thermal, and. the generation of concepts in engineering and architectural design, an important research question is: Can a Design-by-Analogy approach, in particular, a word-based ideation method, provide transactional domain experts the ability to increase quantity, novelty and quality whil

Analogies give engineers insight - ED

One way is to construct an analogy between two systems. Each common feature leads to an abstraction; each abstraction connects our knowledge in one system to our knowledge in the other system. One piece of knowledge does double duty. Like a mental lever, analogy and, more generally, abstraction are intelligence amplifiers engineering design: The process of devising a system, component or process to meet desired needs. (Source: Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology, Inc.) engineering design process: A decision-making process used by engineers. Combines an understanding of basic sciences, mathematics and engineering sciences to use available resources. engineering analogy engineering psychology marine engineering engineering analogy response by analogy principle hydraulic engineering civil engineering electrical engineering analogy test public health engineering electronic and communication engineering engineering material structural engineering aeronautical engineering engineering drawing. The analogy method is most appropriate early in the program life cycle when the system is not yet fully defined. This assumes there are analogous systems available for comparative evaluation. As systems begin to be more defined (such as when the program enters the Engineering and Manufacturing Development Phase (EMD)), estimators are able to. In terms of thinking like humans, analogies are where it's at, said Forbus, Walter P. Murphy Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science in Northwestern's M c Cormick School of Engineering. Humans use relational statements fluidly to describe things, solve problems, indicate causality, and weigh moral dilemmas

Engineering principles taught well to students become the foundation for lifelong understanding of physical processes. No set of engineering principles is more useful or pervasive than the concepts of effort variables and flow variables. By analogy, these can be applied to almost an Reasoning by analogy is a great way to help persuade, explain, and understand new ideas or concepts. The use of analogies in law is done through appeal to precedent, where old cases are applied to. Analogous Estimation uses a similar past project information to estimate the duration or cost of your current project, hence the word, analogy. You can use analogous estimation when there is limited information regarding your current project. Quite often, there will be situations when project managers will be asked to give cost and duration estimates for a new project as the executives need.

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2.4: Analogies - Engineering LibreText

Knowledge Engineering Requirements in Derivational Analogy Pádraig Cunningham*, Donal Finn**, Seán Slattery* *Department of Computer Science, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland **Hitachi Dublin Laboratory, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland Abstract. A major advantage in using a case-based approach to developing knowledge-based systems is that it. Teaching Biotechnology by Analogies Biotechnology, particularly genetic engineering, focuses on manipulating tiny structures in the cell. While carrying out the procedures, many concepts and standard techniques can be difficult to comprehend In this video, i have explained Force Voltage Analogy.For free materials of different engineering subjects use my android application named Engineering Funda..

Simple Machines and Modern Day Engineering Analogies

In this video, i have explained Example of Force Voltage Analogy.For free materials of different engineering subjects use my android application named Engine.. ADVERTISEMENTS: The mechanism of consolidation was explained by Terzaghi with the help of a spring-dashpot model using soil-spring analogy. 1. Spring-Dashpot Model: Figure 11.1 shows a dashpot consisting of a cylinder containing a spring supporting a piston. The cylinder is completely filled with water and has an outlet valve to regulate the outflow. Let the [ Abstract. Geotechnical engineers frequently use design-by-analogy methods to promote innovative design solutions, or reuse existing design schemes. However, this approach has not yet provided a means for comparing various potential project solutions quantitatively. Moreover, while geotechnical engineering has accumulated data in large. Estimating by analogy is a top down method that relies on their being previous projects with very similar attributes to the one you are about to begin. This is a technique for early life cycle macro-estimations. Actual data from completed projects is extrapolated to provide estimates for the proposed project analogy. It is a technique widely applied by innovators. Traditionally, analogous solutions are sourced from other industries, but a recent trend has practitioners of design by analogy looking to a more distant domain for solutions—biology. Design by analogy to biology, often called biomimicry,1 is innovatio

A Popsicle-Stick Arm | Krieger ScienceScience vs Engineering

Design-by-analogy is a growing field of study and practice, due to its power to augment and extend traditional concept generation methods by expanding the set of generated ideas using similarity relationships from solutions to analogous problems. This paper presents the results of experimentally testing a new method for extracting functional analogies from general data sources, such as patent. In this video, i have explained Force Current Analogy.For free materials of different engineering subjects use my android application named Engineering Funda.. Analogy & Associates is highly experienced in systems engineering applications across a wide spectrum of system development and acquisition programs. We specialize in sourcing clients with certified engineering professionals capable of managing project engagements from conception to deployment 2.4.1 Electrical-mechanical analogies. An illustration with many abstractions on which we can practice is the analogy between a spring-mass system and an inductor-capacitor (LC) circuit.In the circuit, the voltage source—the V in on its left side—supplies a current that flows through the inductor (a wire wrapped around an iron rod) and capacitor (two metal plates separated by air)

engineering analogy - Dictionary Definition - TransLiteral

  1. Analogy was studied in real-world engineering design, using the in vivo method. Analogizing was found to occur frequently, entailing a roughly equal amount of within- and between-domain analogies. In partial support for theories of unconscious plagiarism (Brown & Murphy, 1989; Marsh, Landau, & Hicks, 1996) and Ward
  2. Learning to use analogy effectively and reliably is a worthwhile complementary studies component in any engineer's program. The second type of analogy-based teaching is in the engineering discipline itself. In learning new engineering subjects, students should be told what has been done in a variety of past situations
  3. ate specimens (which represent more realistically elements in a building than their deter
  4. cycle: analogy, parametric, and engineering build-up (also called grassroots), as well as extrapolation from actuals using Earned Value Management (EVM). Figure C-1. Use of Cost Estimating Methodologies by Phase1 When choosing a methodology, the analyst must remember that cost estimating is a forecast of futur
  5. Quotes tagged as analogy Showing 1-30 of 129. People are like stained-glass windows. They sparkle and shine when the sun is out, but when the darkness sets in, their true beauty is revealed only if there is a light from within.. If people were like rain, I was like drizzle and she was a hurricane.
  6. The WordTree Method fills a gap in design class providing a tool for design-by-analogy. 1. Introduction Engineering innovation is a highly sought after skill and needs to be taught to the next generation of engineers. Numerous idea generation techniques are available to assist the engineer in this process. Over one hundred formal idea.
  7. analogies and concept generation is a major obsta cle to theoretical progress in understanding engineering, business consulting, ergonomics and usability, and industrial design and pro-ject management. The team was tasked with developing a new product concept for

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  1. g design fixation: Design by analogy studies and nonintuitive findings DIANA P. MORENO,1 LUCIE¨NNE T. BLESSING,1 MARIA C. YANG,2 ALBERTO A. HERNA´ NDEZ,3 AND KRISTIN L. WOOD 4 1Research Unit in Engineering Science, Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication, University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg 2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
  2. Group motorcycle trip: a Systems Engineering analogy. A big part of my Sales Engineering experience is classical Systems Engineering. Frequently, when seeking a solution for a customer's business case, a Sales Engineer needs to go beyond the company's product portfolio and draw on third party products. It turns out that the skills we use to.
  3. An Analogy of a Physical Chain The weight of the chain. To demonstrate this concept, I will use an analogy of physical chain. There are two ways to measure a physical chain that corresponds to characteristics of an organization: the first is by measuring the weight, and the second - by measuring the strength
  4. Analogy: Search and Methodologies These search algorithms and their accompanying search space can be extended to apply to software engineering methodologies. By analogy, a sequential methodology can be compared to a breadth-first search algorithm, a cyclical methodology to a depth-first search algorithm, and the WaterSluice methodology to a.
  5. leaders of 18 design and engineering consulting firms located in Germany and Scandinavia. In each of these in-terviews the respondent reported about a particular project in which analogy use played an important role. The findings indicate that the use of analogies is a prevalent phenomenon in design and engineering consulting firms. Th

Making Computers Reason and Learn by Analogy News

  1. Yes, if you're using actual grillage elements you'll need to take an average of bending moments due to the saw tooth-like shape of the diagrams. (I would just take the worst case tbh unless you have an extremely crude mesh). Don't forget that these bending moments and shear forces are per grillage width
  2. Design-by-analogy (DbA) is an important method for innovation that has gained much attention due to its history of leading to successful and novel design solutions. The method uses a repository of existing design solutions where designers can recognize and retrieve analogical inspirations
  3. Analogy & Associates offers a full suite of services that specialize in generating measurable results. SYSTEMS ENGINEERING. We have vast experience in systems engineering applications in a wide spectrum of development and acquisition programs. We specialize in sourcing our clients with certified professionals to guide every engagement
  4. -Cum

Reasoning By Analogy: Definition & Examples - Video

  1. A disadvantage of estimation by analogy is that it requires a considerable amount of computation. The paper describes an automated environment known as ANGEL that supports the collection, storage and identification of the most analogous projects in order to estimate the effort for a new project
  2. Fairly accurate cost and effort predictions of software projects have always been a challenging goal for both, industry as well as academia. Most approaches for effort estimation are either algorithmic or analogy based. The most well-known algorithmic models are COCOMO 81 [1] and Function Points [2]. Estimation by analogy, on the other hand, is.
  3. The findings indicate that the use of analogies is a prevalent phenomenon in design and engineering consulting firms. The typology based on the two dimensions analogical distance and transfer content proved useful for the distinctive explanation of positive effects resulting from analogy use
  4. A controlled cognitive experiment and an evaluation of the method with redesign projects illustrate the method's influence in assisting engineers in design-by-analogy. Individuals using the WordTree method identified significantly more analogies and searched outside the problem domain as compared to the control group
  5. This algorithm is analogous to the engineering design process emphasising simplicity: Collect (or try to predict, i. e. simulate) the requirements. Design the system (or the API) to serve these requirements well, without thinking about the implementation details. Implement the system and put it into production

Estimation Techniques - Analogous - Tutorialspoin

of nonexistent past experience? One way is to use analogies. DbA studies The use of analogies has been an active research area in the fields of cognitive science and engineering design. Researchers have contributed to this area by understanding how the introduction of analogies affects the ideation process and outcomes (Dah A patent is a kind of technical document to protect intellectual property for individuals or enterprises. Patentable idea generation is a crucial step for patent application and analogy is confirmed to be an effective technique to inspire creative ideas. Analogy-based design usually starts from representation of an analogy source and is followed by the retrieval of appropriate analogs, mapping. $\begingroup$ For what its worth I think that most of metrology should fall under Engineering. I think your example is reasonably simple, just keep out any extra complications at least until the end. If you really need an analogy beer is always good :). I'm not quite sure what your actual question is. $\endgroup$ - nivag Feb 11 '15 at 10:0

An analogy is a comparison between two objects, or systems of objects, that highlights respects in which they are thought to be similar.Analogical reasoning is any type of thinking that relies upon an analogy. An analogical argument is an explicit representation of a form of analogical reasoning that cites accepted similarities between two systems to support the conclusion that some further. Compairing eqn (5) and eqn(6) , following analogous terms can be noted . Force Current Analogy. In force current analogy, the mathematical equations of the translational mechanical system are compared with the nodal equations of the electrical system.. Consider the following electrical system as shown in the following figure. This circuit consists of current source, resistor, inductor and. Since the energy of the mass in a Mechanical 1 analogy is measured relative to mechanical ground (i.e., velocity=v=0) the energy of the capacitance must be measured relative to electrical ground (i.e., voltage=e=0). To apply this analogy, every node in the electrical circuit becomes a point in the mechanical system Modelling of Engineering Thermal Problems - An Implementation using CBR with Derivational Analogy Donal Finn Hitachi Dublin Laboratory, O' Reilly Institute, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland. Seán Slattery and Pádraig Cunningham Dept of Computer Science, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland

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Mak, TW, & Shu, LH. Use of Biological Phenomena in Design by Analogy. Proceedings of the ASME 2004 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference. Volume 3a: 16th International Conference on Design Theory and Methodology. Salt Lake City, Utah, USA Tech Analogy | 384 followers on LinkedIn. INSPIRATION || IDEATION || INNOVATION | We are a platform that caters STEM education. Our forum is built on the firm of working tirelessly to provide. A comprehensive book focusing on the Force Analogy Method, a novel method for nonlinear dynamic analysis and simulation. This book focusses on the Force Analogy Method, a novel method for nonlinear dynamic analysis and simulation. A review of the current nonlinear analysis method for earthquake engineering will be summarized and explained Similarly, there is a torque current analogy for rotational mechanical systems. Let us now discuss this analogy. Torque Current Analogy. In this analogy, the mathematical equations of the rotational mechanical system are compared with the nodal mesh equations of the electrical system.. By comparing Equation 4 and Equation 6, we will get the analogous quantities of rotational mechanical system.

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Analogies are ubiquitous in science, both in theory and experiments. Based on an ethnographic study of a research lab in neural engineering, we focus on a case of conceptual innovation where the cross-breeding of two types of analogies led to a breakthrough. In vivo phenomena were recreated in two analogical forms: one, as an i IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering SE-4(4) (July): 345-361. Google Scholar Shepperd, M., and Schofield, C. 1997. Estimating software project effort using analogies, IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering 23(12): 736-743. Google Scholar Srinivasan, K., and Fisher, D. 1995 T1 - Path planning by analogy. AU - Ogata, Hiroyuki. AU - Mizukawa, Makoto. PY - 1997/1/1. Y1 - 1997/1/1. N2 - A new framework is proposed for generating trajectories for robots. This `path planning by analogy' approach uses problems and solutions acquired from previous operator teaching or automatic path planning What is analogy in logical reasoning? An analogy is a comparison between two objects, or systems of objects, that highlights respects in which they are thought to be similar. Analogical reasoning is any type of thinking that relies upon an analogy. Related topics include metaphor, models in science, and precedent and analogy in legal reasoning Linsey, JS, Wood, KL, & Markman, AB. Increasing Innovation: Presentation and Evaluation of the Wordtree Design-by-Analogy Method. Proceedings of the ASME 2008 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference

Electrical Engineering Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for electronics and electrical engineering professionals, students, and enthusiasts. The capacitor C1 is also drawn below the ground since it is charged to negative voltage. In the hydraulic analogy, if we connect a vessel constantly full of water (hydraulic pressure sourc Mechanical Engineering Q&A Library By analogy with laminar shear, τ = μ du/dy, T. V.Boussinesq in 1877 postulated that turbulent shear couldalso be related to the mean velocity gradient τturb = ε du/dy,where ε is called the eddy viscosity and is much larger thanμ. If the logarithmic overlap law, is valid withτturb ≈τw, show that ε ≈ κρu*y Engineering Design, Artificial Intelligence, Analogy, Design-by-Analogy, Data-driven Design, Data Science, Data Mining, Machine Learning Accepted Manuscript Not Copyedited Journal of Mechanical. Articles Transfer Learning through Analogy in Games Thomas R. Hinrichs and Kenneth D. Forbus n We report on a series of transfer learning ffectively transferring previously learned knowledge to a experiments in game domains, in which we use structural analogy from one learned game to speed learning of another related game

Design-by-analogy has been shown to be a powerful tool for fostering innovation in engineering design [1-3], particularly during conceptual design, where design concepts are created either intuitively or through systematic processes Engineering analogies by Glenn Murphy, 1963, Iowa State University Press edition, in Englis 2.1.2 Design-by-analogy Facilitating design-by-analogy through computational aids is a diverse and well-explored area of research. Here, we review a subset from three areas: generalized semantic analysis-based tools, design-by-analogy tools, and methods that employ formal model bases. On the semantic analysis front, Shu et al. developed

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Special Issue on Artificial Intelligence and Engineering Design. Published Online Design-by-Analogy (DbA) is a design methodology that draws inspiration from a source domain to a target domain to generate new solutions to problems or designs, which can benefit designers in mitigating design fixation and improving design ideation outcomes Analogies and Metaphors in Creative Design. In our increasingly flat and connected world, skills in innovation and creative design have. emerged as key attributes for graduating engineering designers. Metaphors and analogies are. commonly voiced as key tools for enhancing creative design yet little research has been The most common analogy encountered in software development is the equivocation to a software engineer's direct payroll cost. This analogy is rooted in some truth: it acknowledges that software engineering is labor intensive and that the dominant cost comes from human resources. But, this direct comparison of what would it cost to do this.

Mechanical-electrical analogies - Wikipedi

  1. If I did not use analogies to explain things, but actually used the detailed theory of the application of engineering and physics, there would be negative consequences. For one thing, I wouldn't be able to do it. I feel that I have a pretty good understanding of the techniques that we use, but only at a superficial level
  2. The analogy gives a clear view of the effects of box girder and diaphragm proportions on the longitudinal warping and transverse flexural stresses induced by deformation of the cross section. Conventional flexural and torsional analyses do not reveal these effects; complex, refined analyses do not give insight into box girder behavior
  3. Estimating hydrocarbon reserves is a complex process that involves integrating geological and engineering data. Depending on the amount and quality of data available, one or more of the following methods may be used to estimate reserves: Volumetric Material balance Production history Analogy These methods are summarized in Table 1

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Engineering information and connections for the global community of engineers. Find engineering games, videos, jobs, disciplines, calculators and article Citation: Fu, Katherine et al. Design-by-Analogy: Experimental Evaluation of a Functional Analogy Search Methodology for Concept Generation Improvement. Research in Engineering Design 26.1 (2015): 77-95 The reason why argument by analogy could be called invalid hinges on a technical definition in formal logic. Viz., invalid means not attaining to formal validity either in sentential logic or one of the many types that depends on it (e.g. deontic logic, modal logic).Thus, the following argument is invalid: (1) If Japan did not exist, we would.

RE: analogy of a cantilever. Lion06 (Structural) 14 Nov 10 08:32. OldPaperMaker-. The cantilever method is very similar to the portal method. The portal method assumes pins at mid-height of the columns and you start with shears to determine axial loads and moments. The cantilever method starts with axial loads to determine shears and moments Design-by-analogy is an important tool for engineers seeking innovative solutions to design problems. A new method for systematically guiding designers in seeking analogies, the WordTree Design-by-Analogy Method, was created based knowledge gained from a series of experiments and prior literature Mechanical Electrical Analogy The concept of an analogous system is very useful in practice. Since one type of system may be easier to handle experimentally than other. A given electrical system consisting of resistance, inductance and capacitance may be analogous to the mechanical system consisting of a suitable combination of dashpot, mass, and spring

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Mechanical Analogy on The Principle of Consolidation. The principle of consolidation can be explained with the help of mechanical model as described by Terzaghi. This model is also known as Spring analogical model the model. The model consists of a cylinder with a frictionless piston as shown in the figure A physical analogy for ac electrical power. Electricity cannot be seen physically; only its effects can be seen or felt. At times, some aspects of electricity can be difficult to understand. One such phenomenon is the presence of different types of power in ac electrical systems. This article presents a physical analogy of electrical power as a. Power factor is a unit-less number used in alternating current circuits, it can be used to refer to a single piece of equipment such as an induction motor or for the electricity consumption of an entire building. In either case it represents the ratio between true power and apparent power. The formula being PF = kW / KVA Interdisciplinary Electrical Analogies. Electrical circuit analogies for several engineering disciplines have been developed over time. These are summarized in the table below prepared by Dr. Holbert.The mechanical analogy used is the mobility analogy in which the physical analogies are sacrificed in favor of creating equivalent mathematical relationships which hold in network analysis Abstract Geotechnical engineers frequently use design-by-analogy methods to promote innovative design solutions, or reuse existing design schemes. However, this approach has not yet provided a means for comparing various potential project solutions quantitatively. Moreover, while geotechnical engineering has accumulated data in large quantities, the value of this historical data has not been.

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