Hunley spar

The Spar Apparatus - Vernian Er

The Friends of the Hunley published an updated archaeological site plan (in The Blue Light 10, Nov 2003) showing the location of artifacts found near the Hunley. The items labeled 1-4 and possibly 5 in the graphic below are identified as associated with the spar By the time of her final attack, the Hunley's spar was located at the bottom of the bow. There is also evidence that the ninety-pound explosive was designed to be rammed against a wooden hull where barbs fixed it to the vessel and it detached from the spar. The submarine would move back and a lanyard (rope) running from to the submarine to. The Hunley was the first submarine to successfully sink an enemy ship in wartime. On the night of February 17th, 1864, the 40-foot hand-powered sub manned by a crew of eight rammed its spar torpedo into the starboard stern of the USS Housatonic, a 205-foot, 1,260-ton Union warship that was part of the fleet blockading Charleston Harbor. The. On Feb 17, 1864 the Hunley submarine rammed a spar with an attached torpedo into the USS Housatonic, a Union ship in the Charleston Harbor. The Housatonic sank in about five minutes killing 5 of its 155 crewmen. Damage from the torpedo explosion also caused damage to the Hunley, causing it to sink and killing all eight crew members on board Carrying a torpedo packed with explosive black powder bolted to a 16-foot spar, H. L. Hunley rammed Housatonic below the water line, detonating the torpedo, tearing a hole in the Union ship's hull and sending her to the bottom along with five of her crew. Hunley was not seen again for over a century. The Wrec

The spar, attached to the bottom corner of the Hunley's bow, had recently been conserved. What had initially seemed to be voluminous concretion, the accumulated crud of 13 decades underwater. THE STORY. On a chilly February night in 1864, eight men climbed into the HUNLEY, an experimental vessel designed to travel beneath the water's surface.Their mission: to break the naval blockade at Charleston Harbor by sinking the USS Housatonic.After a stealth underwater approach to the target, the HUNLEY rammed her spar torpedo into the Housatonic, which sank in a matter of minutes

H.L. Hunley South Carolina Encyclopedi

The captain and crew fired their rifles and shotguns in a futile attempt to halt the approaching vessel, but the bullets merely bounced off Hunley's armor as a spar torpedo mounted at the end of. hunley's senior conservator shows the sub's spar tip which reveals that the torpedo was still attached to the spar when it went off. Commemoration of the h l hunley at Mobile In 2004, Camp #11 interred a portion of the sediment from the Hunley The Union's anti-submarine moves coupled with the difficulty of controlling the Hunley's depth and pitch while submerged led them to completely rethink the mode of attack. Towing an explosive device was abandoned for a more direct approach. A spar with a torpedo attached to its tip was mounted to the lower bow of the submarine

Casing of exploded torpedo found on Hunley spa

Hunley Submarine - 2021 Charleston Visitors Guid

  1. Now, the outside appears much as it did when the Hunley and its eight-man crew rammed a spar with a powder charge into the USS Housatonic and sank the Union blockade ship off South Carolina in 1864
  2. The Hunley needed some modifications so this time, instead of dragging the torpedo behind, a 16-foot spar was affixed to the front of the sub and at the end of the spar, the keg of gun powder was attached. The aim was to ram the spar into the hull of a Union ship, back off to a safe distance, and then detonate the torpedo now fastened onto the.
  3. Senior Conservator Paul Mardikian shows the Civil War submarine Hunley's spar tip, which reveals that the torpedo was still attached to the spar when it went off. Hands clad in blue latex gloves, Paul Mardikian gently lifts the artifact that may unlock the 149-year-old mystery of the Civil War submarine H.L. Hunley
  4. The Hunley would ram the spar's harpoonlike tip into an enemy's hull, attaching the explosive, and then back away to a safe distance, from which Dixon would yank a 150-foot lanyard to set off the explosive. But first they had to reach a target, and that required backbreaking effort, as Dixon and his crew found during practice runs
  5. The Hunley successfully rammed its had sunk another torpedo spar into the side of the Housatonic. would not be repeated The explosion sent the until World War i Toepede -22foot spar the Confederacy from the rest of the world during the Civil Wat TORPEDO the Housatonic was the first time a submarine The Hunley's spar torpedo contained 90 pounds.

The first successful submarine attack was the H L Hunley's sinking of the USS Housatonic on the night of 17 February 1864, again using a spar torpedo. The little submersible was a desperate measure by the Confederates to break the stranglehold of the Union navy's blockade of the port of Charleston Several findings support this and similar explosion-related theories. For one, none of the surviving drawings of the Hunley give details of exactly how its weapons system worked. Other than it was mounted on a seventeen-foot iron spar bolted to the bottom of the keel at the bow, little is known about the rig With a jolt, the Hunley's torpedo spar was rammed into the side of the mighty ship. The crew quickly reversed their course, backing away to allow a safe distance from the ship before the tripline detonated the 90 pounds of explosives affixed on the torpedo spar. For some unknown reason, the torpedo detonated prematurely Using a spar torpedo — an explosive spear that the sub rammed into its target — the Hunley blew a hole in the Housatonic, which sank beneath the Atlantic in less than five minutes. Most of its sailors survived, with just five out of a 155-man crew lost in the Feb. 17, 1864, attack near Sullivan's Island, South Carolina

On the evening of 17 February 1864, H.L. Hunley made her first mission against an enemy vessel during the American Civil War.Armed with a spar torpedo, mounted to a rod extending out from her bow, H.L. Hunley ' s mission was to lift the blockade of Charleston, South Carolina by destroying the sloop-of-war USS Housatonic in Charleston Harbor In the ongoing conservation efforts on the H.L. Hunley the conservation team turned their attention to the spar that the Hunley used to attach its torpedo to the intended victim. Parts of the copper casing from the explosive were found on the spar. This means that the Hunley was within twenty feet when the charged detonated A fragment of copper was found attached to the end of the spar, that the Hunley used to attach its torpedo. This suggests the possibility that the torpedo could have exploded while still attached. If this were the case, the shock of the explosion could have caused enough damage to the sub to bring it to the bottom The remaining excavation of the Hunley cabin and ballast tank promises to reveal the interior steering arrangement. A small part of the exterior control remains on the rudder under the heavy concretion, but because of the highly eroded condition of the Hunley's stern we may never know the details of the external linkages with certainty The spar measures approximately 16 feet in length and the torpedo 2 feet, meaning the Hunley was at least 18 feet away from the bomb when it went off. Now, scientists have the information they need to move forward with computer simulations of the attack, which could prove vital in solving the lingering mystery of why the Hunley did not come.

H. L. Hunley Wreck (1864) - United States Nav

What Sank the HL Hunley? History Smithsonian Magazin

  1. The HL Hunley was a Confederate State submarine, built by B Park & Thomas W Lyons, Mobile, Alabama in 1863. The CSS HL Hunley was named after her inventor Horace Lawson Hunley. The CSS HL Hunley was launched in July 1863 with a complement of 8 and an armament of a Spar Torpedo. The CSS HL Hunley sank on 29 August 1863, during a training.
  2. utes
  3. So it was that Hunley was refitted with a spar torpedo, packed with 135 lbs. of black powder, on a hinged, 20-foot boom attached to the stem of the boat. Further, the spar would be lowered to reach under the target's hull, increasing the depth of the explosion and concussive effect
  4. Researchers are still not 100 percent sure why the Hunley sank, but in 2013 a new theory was made public based on the damage observed on the spar. Evidence indicates that the Hunley may have been less than 20 feet from the Housatonic's hull when the torpedo at the tip of a 200-foot spar exploded
  5. Unlike modern, self-propelled torpedoes, the Hunley's torpedo was a copper keg filled with black powder and attacked to a 16-foot spar on the bow of the submarine
  6. It depends on how you define successful. The David class of Confederate semi-submersibles also used spar torpedos. On October 5, 1863 (several months before the Hunley attack on February 17, 1864), the David attacked the USS New Ironsides using a spar torpedo. It detonated under the New Ironside's startboard quarter and extinguished her boiler.

Membership - The Friends of The Hunle

The first was a document discovered in the National Archives by Mark Ragan, a researcher for the Friends of the Hunley. This was a diagram of a spar-mounted explosive device labeled Singer Torpedo used for blowing up the Housatonic. It provided the remarkable statistic that this torpedo held 135 pounds of black powder - a significant. On February 17, 1864, she was part of blockade duty off Charleston, approached the steam sloop of war USS HOUSATONIC and detonated a spar torpedo against her side. The Federal ship sank rapidly, becoming the first warship to be lost to a submarine attack. However, H L HUNLEY did not return from this mission, and was presumed lost with all hands The HL Hunley (named after her inventor, Horace Lawson Hunley) was a Confederate State submarine, built in Mobile, Alabama in 1863 and launched in July 1863. She had a crew of 8 and was armed with a spar-mounted torpedo; essentially a long pole with a charge on the end of it. Her performance, was, to say the least, chequered The captain and crew fired their rifles and shotguns in a futile attempt to halt the approaching vessel, but the bullets merely bounced off Hunley's armor as a spar torpedo mounted at the end of. Big news came out Monday in the investigation of the remains of the Confederate submersible Hunley, arguably the most important scientific finding of the project to date.Archaeologists revealed that the cleaned an conserved remains of the iron spar that carried the boat's 135 lb. (61kg) torpedo still had attached remnants of the explosive device's copper casing, peeled back by the force of.

The inventors developed a new approach, attached to a bow-mounted iron spar with a 90-pound black powder explosive. Hunley's third crew, included a new commander, 1st Lt. George E. Dixon, an infantry officer from Kentucky, plus James A. WICKS, Arnold BECKER, C. SIMKINS, F. COLLINS, RIDGEWAY, MILLER, C.F. CARLSON someone who substituted William. Remnants of the torpedo that sank the USS Housatonic in 1864 were found securely bolted to the tip of the spar, a large pole that served as the Hunley's weapon delivery system. The metal is jagged.

Spar torpedo - Wikipedi

  1. This ongoing study was the impetus behind the current investigation of the attack parameters and the 3D reconstruction of H.L. Hunley's spar-mounted torpedo weapon system. 3D ModelingThe most crucial step in the reconstruction of the attack scenario was the use of accurate 3D modeling
  2. Its armament carried one spar torpedo. The Hunley sank three times during its short career. The first two times were during test runs, and the final time was during its attack of the USS Housatonic (1861). The Hunley was lost to the Charleston outer harbor until 1995 and was finally recovered in 2000
  3. On the night of February 17, 1864, the H.L. Hunley and its eight crewman embarked on a dangerous mission. The experimental vessel was to become the first successful submarine in history, with a mission to sink an enemy ship, the USS Housatonic. That night, the Hunley rammed her spar torpedo into the hull of the Housatonic

You'll notice that I have changed the dive plane to represent the actual Hunley sub configuration. Will be drilling the gauge holes when final paint is complete, also will leave the upper spar wood with oil for detail The bottom bomb spar will be black to represent the metal pipe that was used and I'll add more of a larger wooden section at the. The Hunley's torpedo was not a self-propelled bomb, as we think of them now. Rather, it was a copper keg of gunpowder held ahead and slightly below the Hunley's bow on a 16-foot pole called a spar. The sub rammed this spar into the enemy ship's hull and the bomb exploded. The furthest any of the crew was from the blast was about 42 feet Senior conservator Paul Mardikian looks over the spar tip from the Hunley. Scientists say the copper found at the end of the spar is the remains of the Confederate submarine's torpedo. (Provided Recognizing that diving below a Union ship was no longer possible, Confederates attached a 17 foot spar to the prow of the Hunley with a 135 lb black powder charge at the end. Slow speed and ungainly traits limited the Hunley's effectiveness. To make an attack, Dixon needed the right conditions, light wind and calm seas H. L. Hunley, often referred to as Hunley, was a submarine of the Confederate States of America that played a small part in the American Civil War. Hunley demonstrated the advantages and the dangers of undersea warfare. She was the first combat submarine to sink a warship (USS Housatonic), although Hunley was not completely submerged and, following her successful attack, was lost along with.

A spar torpedo was mounted to the bow by a long ramming pole. The explosive charge was equipped with a trigger that worked much like a flintlock on a rifle. The trigger was linked to the hull of the Hunley by a very long rope. Spar torpedo on a non-submersible boat Shortly after the Hunley was investigated, and Chris Amer published that no trace of a mount for a torpedo spar was found on the upper bow, we visited our daughter and her husband in Charleston. By that time, Son-In-Law had become a big-time Hunley fan -- and I caught the Hunley bug from him The spar served as the Hunley's only weapons delivery system, essentially a lance tipped with a torpedo loaded with 135 pounds of gunpowder. It was found detached from the sub and lying only a few feet away from the hull in 1995. What researchers found upended a Hunley narrative that had reigned since almost the night the sub vanished By 9:00 p.m., it was over: The Hunley had thrust its spar-mounted torpedo into the Housatonic's hull and within seconds, 60 kilograms of black powder had caved in the ship Dixon raised and refitted CSS H. L. Hunley, armed her with a Lee Spar Torpedo and sank steam sloop-of-war Housatonic off Charleston Harbor 17 February 1864. Though submarine and crew perished in this mission, H. L. Hunley was the first submarine to sink a warship In combat, casting a long shadow into the 20th century

Made out of 40 feet of bulletproof iron, the H.L. Hunley was a Confederate submarine with a crew of eight. But despite its claim to fame, it was a dangerous vessel to be inside. In a career of. The Hunley successfully rammed her spar torpedo into the hull of the Housatonic, causing the warship to sink within minutes. After completing this momentous feat, the Hunley crew signaled their success to shore but then mysteriously vanished. That night, history was made. At the same moment, a mystery was born In January 2013, the archaeologists discovered the remains of a copper sleeve at the end of the Hunley's spar, suggesting the Hunley may have been no more than 20-feet from the Union blockade.

H. L. Hunley (submarine) - Wikipedi

Hunley would propel herself toward the enemy vessel and ram the spar into her hull leaving the torpedo behind. A line attached to a trigger would unwind as Hunley backed away from her target about 150' at which point the tension would trip the firing devise and explode the bomb The H.L. Hunley—the world's first successful attack submarine, in service with the Confederate Navy in 1864—has finally revealed its propulsion secret more than 17 years after being raised off the ocean floor.. The Hunley was nearly 40 feet long, was built at Mobile, Alabama, and launched in July 1863. She was then shipped by rail on August 12, 1863, to Charleston, South Carolina

Dixon raised and refitted CSS H. L. Hunley, armed her with a Lee Spar Torpedo and sank steam sloop-of-war Housatonic off Charleston Harbor 17 February 1864. Though submarine and crew perished in this mission, H. L. Hunley was the first submarine to sink a warship in combat, casting a long shadow into the 20th century Rather, it was a copper keg of gunpowder held ahead and slightly below the Hunley's bow on a 16-foot pole called a spar. The sub rammed this spar into the enemy ship's hull and the bomb exploded


Recent developments in the investigation of the American Civil War submarine H.L. Hunley have revealed new clues about the nature of the spar-mounted torpedo delivery system used to sink the USS Housatonic on the night of February 17, 1864. The deconcretion of the end of the bow spar has revealed the remnants of the attached torpedo, confirming that the torpedo was detonated while still. The Hunley rammed its spar-carried torpedo into the Housatonic, and the blast sank the ship in five minutes. Sign up for our Myrtle Beach weekly update newsletter Debate arose over what to do with the Hunley's spar-a length of iron used to deliver the sub's explosive charge-which was still attached to the bow with a large nut. There was concern it could be damaged during the lift. The assumption was it had to be cut off after so many years of rust

H.L. Hunley History, Recovery, & Facts Britannic

The Hunley's spar torpedo hit its mark and tore a huge hole in the starboard hull of the twelve-hundred-ton Union vessel that caused the ship to sink within five minutes. The attack took with it five of the Housatonic's one hundred sixty crew members. The explosion also damaged the Hunley and ultimately sank the submarine before. hand crank [2, 3]. At the other end of a hinged 16-foot spar was firmly bolted the Hunley's tor-pedo, a copper torpedo of the common Singer's design type filled with 61.2 kg (135 lbs) of black powder and fitted with a pressure-sensitive trigger (S1 Fig)[4]. The Hunley was raised from the ocean floor in 2000, and conservation efforts have bee

The Sinking Of America's First Combat Sub Was A Mystery For 150 Years — Until Now. On February 17, 1864, the 12-foot-long Confederate submersible H. L. Hunley became the first combat sub in. The remnants of the torpedo casing that was on the spar attached to the front of the Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley is seen during a news conference in North Charleston, S.C., on Monday, Jan.

A spar torpedo was a mine attached to a long pole and detonated when the ship carrying it rammed another one. During the American Civil War, the Confederate submarine H. L. Hunley used a spar torpedo to sink the USS Housatonic on February 17, 1864 The Hunley reached its target and detonated its spar torpedo, and the Housatonic sank in less than 15 minutes. But the triumphant Hunley never re-emerged from beneath the waves, and the secrets of her successful run were lost along with all hands. When the Hunley was rediscovered 130 years later, those secrets slowly began to come to light.

H.L. Hunley, the Legendary Confederate Submarine that ..

Photo: Hunley submarine immersed in refrigerated storage tank at the WLCC upon recovery. Note the cathodic connection to the sub at the spar attachment and the titanium anodes in the white pipes. The Hunley's torpedo was not an underwater missile, but a copper keg of black powder held ahead of the submarine on a barbed pole, called a spar, that was about 16 feet (4.9 m) long. The sub. The loss of life came when the submarine set off a black powder charge at the end of a 200-pound spar, sinking the blockader. The remains of the Hunley - which was built in Mobile, Alabama, and. H.L. Hunley was a Confederate submersible that demonstrated the advantage and danger of undersea warfare. Although not this nation's first submarine, Hunley was the first submarine to engage and sink a warship. Privately built in 1863 by Park and Lyons of Mobile, Alabama, Hunley was fashioned from a cylindrical iron steam boiler, which was deepened and also lengthened through the addition of. Initial theories were that the Hunley sank because of collateral damage caused by the spar torpedo used to sink the Housatonic, but others argued, based on historic anecdotes, that the sub might.

The H. L. Hunley played a crucial part in the development of underwater warfare vessels. A spar torpedo was installed to be used when the submarine was six or more feet below the water's. Nearly all Southern subs incorporated offensive weaponry, such as the spar torpedo the Hunley had used, floating explosives or time bombs to be screwed into an enemy's hull. With the Hunley's success, proposals, requests for and rumors of submersibles swirled across the Confederacy CHARLESTON, S.C. (WCBD) - Thursday marks 19 years since the Hunley submarine was raised from the waters off the Charleston coast. In this week's Good Question, Bill asked: Will we ever know. A painting of the H. L. Hunley by Conrad Wise Chapman (1863) and the wreck of the submarine from the same angle. Therefore the weapon was changed to a barbed spar torpedo mounted at the base of the bow. This was to be triggered by means of pulling a rope, although archaeological evidence may suggest it was in fact electrically detonated

CSS Hunley First Submarine to Sink A Warship in Combat

H. L. Hunley The H. L. Hunley was the first submarine to successfully sink an enemy ship in combat and was a remarkable vessel for the time in which it was constructed. The boat accurately reflected both the dangers and advantages of attacking enemy ships with underwater explosives. In February 1864, the Hunley launched from Sullivan's Island, South Carolina, and attacked and sank the 1,800. Lance said she ruled out suffocation, a lucky shot that brought torrents of water through a hole in the conning tour, and a concussive force. Rather, she said, it was pressure from the explosion. The torpedo was still attached to the Hunley by a spar when it was set off A lookout on board the Housatonic spotted the Hunley as it approached. Sailors started to fire upon the Hunley, with bullets bouncing off the steel structure.. The Hunley's crew, battling fatigue, fear and the cramped quarters, felt the sudden jolt as their torpedo spar rammed into the side of the Housatonic.Frantically, the crewmembers quickly reversed their direction, pulling the Hunley away The Hunley sank a Union blockade ship in November 1864 by ramming it with a torpedo attached to a spar. A half-century would pass before another sub sank a ship in the World War I era. The Hunley itself sank to the bottom of the ocean during its attack, killing all eight men onboard


The Hunley was away from the USS Housatonic only about 50 to 80 feet, when they detonated the torpedo at the end of the spar. The crew was still shooting when they were knocked off of the deck by the explosion that blew a hole in the side of their ship The CSS Hunley was named for her inventor Horace Lawson Hunley. The Hunley weighed 7.5 tons, was 39.5 feet in length and had a beam cylinder width of 3.83 feet. She was powered by a hand crank ducted propeller, operated by 6-Enlisted men and 2-Officers. The top speed was 4 knots, (4.6mph) The Hunley's torpedo was not a self-propelled bomb, as we think of them now. Rather, it was a copper keg of gunpowder held ahead and slightly below the Hunley's bow on a 16-foot pole called a spar (pictured the enemy vessel. Ideally the spar was long enough so that the only the enemy ship was damaged by the explosion! An obvious drawback was that it required close contact with the target ship, so it was really strictly a night action weapon. The Confederate submarine Hunley used one to sink the USS Housatonic but also sank, possibly as

The History Blog » Modern(ish)File:CSS Hunley Replica, Charleston, SCMaking Naval History: The CSS Hunley | Emerging Civil WarInventors Killed By Their Own InventionsThe Journey of the Hunley timeline | Timetoast timelines